Modeling the end-use performance of alternative fuels in light-duty vehicles

Yuri Kroyan*, Michal Wojcieszyk, Ossi Kaario, Martti Larmi, Kai Zenger

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
147 Downloads (Pure)


Present study investigates the end-use performance of alternative liquid fuels in the current fleet of unmodified light-duty vehicle (LDV) engines. Two mathematical models have been developed that represent the way that various fuel properties affect fuel consumption in spark-ignition (SI) and compression-ignition (CI) engines. Fuel consumption is represented by the results from the New European Driving Cycles (NEDC) in order to reflect the end-use impact. Data-driven black-box modeling and multilinear regression methods were applied to obtain both models. Additionally, quantitative analysis was performed to ensure the statistical significance of inputs (p-value below 5%). Fuel consumption (output) of various alternative fuels can be estimated with high accuracy (coefficient of determination above 0.96), knowing fuel properties (inputs) such as lower heating value, density, cetane/octane number, and oxygen content. The validation procedures confirmed the quality of predictions for both models with the average error being below 2.3%. The model performance for the examined fuels such as hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) and ethanol blends showed significant CO2 reduction with high accuracy. Moreover, both models could be used to estimate CO2 tailpipe emissions and are applicable to various liquid SI/CI fuels for LDV engines.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117854
Number of pages12
Early online date31 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • CO emissions
  • End-use performance
  • Fuel consumption model
  • Light-duty vehicles
  • Renewable fuels
  • SI and CI fuel properties


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