Modeling of nickel-based hydrotalcite catalyst coated on heat exchanger reactors for CO2 methanation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Researchers

Research units

  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
  • Polytechnic University of Turin

Abstract

This study presents the kinetic modeling of CO2 methanation reaction using 15 wt% Ni/Mg/Al hydrotalcite coated catalyst. Power law and Langmuir-Hinshelwood-Hougens-Watson (LHHW) models were used to represent the kinetics of CO2 methanation. LHHW model displayed better representation of the kinetics and was chosen for modeling the CO2 methanation reaction in a plate type heat exchanger reactor. Comparison between experiments, 1D model, and 2D model proved the reliability of using internally coated tubular reactor for kinetic modeling of coated catalyst. This work also performed modeling of a plate type heat exchanger reactor with catalytically coated corrugated plates for CO2 methanation. Heat exchanger reactors with coated catalyst allow controlling the reaction temperature and thus, avoiding temperature runaway owing to the highly exothermic CO2 methanation reaction. The corrugated pattern created by the opposing corrugated plates of the plate heat exchanger reactor proved to be excellent for distributing the flow homogeneously inside each reaction channel and the entire reactor. In this reactor, 92% CO2 conversion was achieved at GHSV = 4400 h(-1), 573 K and 5 bar. The good performance of this reactor was due to the high activity displayed by Ni-hydrotalcite coated catalyst, homogeneous flow distribution and high surface area of the reactor. Thus, plate type heat exchanger reactor with catalytically coated corrugated plates proved to be suitable alternative to plate heat exchanger reactors with microchannel plates.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)694-707
Number of pages14
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume349
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • Carbon capture and utilization, CO2 methanation, Heat exchanger reactor, Coated catalyst, Reactor modeling, Hydrotalcite, FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS, WATER-GAS SHIFT, POWER-TO-GAS, MICROCHANNEL REACTOR, SELECTIVE METHANATION, CARBON-DIOXIDE, TECHNOLOGIES, CONVERSION, PROJECTS, HYDROGEN

ID: 26963137