Modeling and simulation of air-assist atomizers with applications to food sprays

Franz X. Tanner*, Kathleen Feigl, Ossi Kaario, Erich J. Windhab

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The Cascade Atomization and Drop Breakup (CAB) model has been developed originally for pressure atomizers. In this study, the CAB model is modified to accommodate air-assist atomization. The modifications include a change in the product drop distributions, namely, the uniform distribution used in the original CAB model is replaced with a x-squared distribution with the same average drop size. The second modification addresses the air-assist atomization process. This process is modeled by estimating the Weber number due to the increased relative velocity caused by the air flow. Depending on the value of the Weber number this leads to a catastrophic, or a stripping (sheet-thinning), or a bag breakup. The model changes are validated with experimental data obtained from two different air-assist atomizers using an oil-in-water emulsion. The simulations were performed with a modified version of the KIVA-3 CFD code, and they showed good agreement with the experimental data. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6121-6133
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Mathematical Modelling
Issue number11-12
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Air-assist atomization
  • Drop breakup modeling
  • CAB model
  • Food sprays
  • Emulsions


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