Modalities, Styles and Strategies: An Interaction Framework for Human–Computer Co-Creativity

Anna Kantosalo, Prashanth Thattai Ravikumar, Kazjon Grace, Tapio Takala

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Human-computer co-creativity research is relatively new, and comparing how co-creative systems augment creativity is challenging even within the same creative domain. This paper proposes a framework to facilitate such comparisons, drawing on domain-agnostic concepts in interaction design research. It describes the different aspects of the interactions between one or more humans and their computationally creative collaborators at three levels: interaction modalities, interaction styles, and interaction strategies. Modalities are the channels by which information is exchanged, styles are the different behaviours and models that govern the system’s actions over those channels, and strategies are the goals and plans that shape those behaviours. The paper ends with an analysis of nine co-creative systems, demonstrating how the framework makes the comparison of very different systems possible.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Computational Creativity
EditorsAmílcar Cardoso, Penousal Machado, Tony Veale, João Miguel Cunha
PublisherAssociation for Computational Creativity
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)978-989-54160-2-8
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sep 2020
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Computational Creativity - Online, Coimbra, Portugal
Duration: 7 Sep 202011 Sep 2020
Conference number: 11


ConferenceInternational Conference on Computational Creativity
Abbreviated titleICCC
Internet address

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