Mobile Brainwaves: On the Interchangeability of Simple authentication Tasks with Low-Cost, Single-Electrode EEG Devices

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEICE Transactions on Communications
VolumeE102-B
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Researchers

Research units

  • Aalto University

Abstract

Electroencephalography (EEG) for biometric authentication has received some attention in recent years. In this paper, we explore the effect of three simple EEG related authentication tasks, namely resting, thinking about a picture, and moving a single finger, on mobile, low-cost, single electrode based EEG authentication. We present details of our authentication pipeline, including extracting features from the frequency power spectrum and MFCC, and training a multilayer perceptron classifier for authentication. For our evaluation we record an EEG dataset of 27 test subjects. We use a baseline, task-agnostic, and task-specific evaluation setup to investigate if different tasks can be used in place of each other for authentication. We further evaluate if tasks themselves can be told apart from each other. Evaluation results suggest that tasks differ, hence to some extent are distinguishable, as well as that our authentication approach can work in a task-specific as well as in a task-agnostic manner.

ID: 31622267