Minimizing the bearing inner ring roundness error with installation shaft 3D grinding to reduce rotor subcritical response

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The modern industry has a constantly increasing demand toward vibration-free rotating machines. Large rotor systems are commonly operated in the subcritical speed range. In the subcritical speed range, the bearings can be a significant source of vibration excitation. The bearing inner ring excites the rotor system at a frequency, which is the rotating frequency multiplied by the waviness component number in the roundness profile of the bearing inner ring. Consequently, subcritical resonance peaks can be observed when the bearing excitation frequency coincides with the rotor natural frequency. The present study utilized a novel compensative 3D grinding to manufacture the bearing installation shaft into a geometry, which minimized the roundness error of the installed bearing inner ring. The decreased roundness error reduced the bearing based excitations to the rotor system. The successful grinding operation was confirmed with roundness measurements. The relevance of the method and the study was proven with rotor dynamic measurements. The results clearly suggest that the compensative 3D grinding reduced the roundness error in both bearing inner rings of the rotor system. The decreased roundness error led to a significantly improved rotor dynamic response, which was observed as reduced amplitudes of the subcritical resonance peaks in the typical operating rotating frequency range. The present study includes also a comparison between the proposed method and a previous steel strip method. The comparison shows that the proposed compensative 3D grinding method produced increasingly better roundness profiles and thus also better rotor dynamic responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-148
Number of pages9
JournalCIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology
Early online date17 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • In-process measurement
  • Large rotor
  • Low-order waviness
  • Manufacturing for operating conditions
  • Measurement based trajectory update
  • Roundness profile


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