Miniature Biplanar Coils for Alkali-Metal-Vapor Magnetometry

Michael C.D. Tayler*, Kostas Mouloudakis, Rasmus Zetter, Dominic Hunter, Vito G. Lucivero, Sven Bodenstedt, Lauri Parkkonen, Morgan W. Mitchell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Atomic spin sensors offer precision measurements using compact microfabricated packages, placing them in a competitive position for both market and research applications. The performance of these sensors, such as the dynamic range, may be enhanced through magnetic field control. In this work, we discuss the design of miniature coils for three-dimensional localized field control by direct placement around the sensor, as a flexible and compact alternative to global approaches used previously. Coils are designed on biplanar surfaces using a stream-function approach and then fabricated using standard printed-circuit techniques. Application to a laboratory-scale optically pumped magnetometer of sensitivity approximately 20 fT/root Hz is shown. We also demonstrate the performance of a coil set measuring 7 x 17 x 17 mm(3) that is optimized specifically for magnetoencephalography, where multiple sensors are operated in close proximity to one another. Characterization of the field profile using Rb-87 free-induction spectroscopy and other techniques show > 96% field homogeneity over the target volume of a MEMS vapor cell and a compact stray-field contour of approximately 1% at 20 mm from the center of the cell.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014036
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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