Microwave brightness temperature of snow on terrain and lake ice revisited: Data and simulations

Martti T. Hallikainen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Two experimental brightness temperature data sets are revisited: A ground-based campaign of terrestrial snow in 1985 and an airborne research program of snow on lake ice in 2007-2014. Both data sets were obtained in southern Finland using multi-frequency microwave radiometers. In this paper both the overall behavior of the brightness temperature during the ground-based campaign and results from the intensive data collection period on April 12-13 (melt/freeze cycle) are discussed. Additionally, selected results from the airborne snow/lake ice program are compared with theoretical values. Two theoretical models are used for simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium
Subtitle of host publicationInternational Cooperation for Global Awareness, IGARSS 2017 - Proceedings
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781509049516
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium - Fort Worth, United States
Duration: 23 Jul 201728 Jul 2017
Conference number: 37


ConferenceInternational Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium
Abbreviated titleIGARSS
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityFort Worth
Internet address


  • HUT snow emission model
  • lake ice
  • MEMLS snow emission model
  • Microwave radiometry
  • snow


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