Methylcellulose–cellulose nanocrystal composites for optomechanically tunable hydrogels and fibers

Ville Hynninen*, Jani Patrakka, Nonappa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
63 Downloads (Pure)


Chemical modification of cellulose offers routes for structurally and functionally diverse biopolymer derivatives for numerous industrial applications. Among cellulose derivatives, cellulose ethers have found extensive use, such as emulsifiers, in food industries and biotechnology. Methylcellulose, one of the simplest cellulose derivatives, has been utilized for biomedical, construction materials and cell culture applications. Its improved water solubility, thermoresponsive gelation, and the ability to act as a matrix for various dopants also offer routes for cellulose-based functional materials. There has been a renewed interest in understanding the structural, mechanical, and optical properties of methylcellulose and its composites. This review focuses on the recent development in optically and mechanically tunable hydrogels derived from methylcellulose and methylcellulose–cellulose nanocrystal composites. We further discuss the application of the gels for preparing highly ductile and strong fibers. Finally, the emerging application of methylcellulose-based fibers as optical fibers and their application potentials are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5137
Number of pages22
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021
MoE publication typeA2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review


  • Birefringence
  • Cellulose nanocrystal
  • Hydrogel
  • LCST
  • Methylcellulose
  • Nanocomposite
  • Optical fiber
  • Thermoresponsive
  • Wet-spinning


Dive into the research topics of 'Methylcellulose–cellulose nanocrystal composites for optomechanically tunable hydrogels and fibers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this