Methods To Study, Model And Confirm The Existence Of Stress-Induced Excavation Damage Zone

Noora Koittola, Johannes Suikkanen, Topias Siren

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Posiva Oy is responsible for implementing the final disposal program for spent nuclear fuel of its owners, Teollisuuden Voima Oy and Fortum Power & Heat. The concept for geological disposal is based on a multi- barrier methodology. Due to the geological concept, the knowledge of the properties of the host rock, such as in situ stress conditions, excavation damaged zone and hydraulic conductivity are highly important for the long term safety analysis. For the repository site characterization, an underground rock facility called ONKALO has been excavated at Olkiluoto Island. Recent research indicates that the excavation damage zone (EDZ) can be meaningfully separated in to construction induced (EDZCI) and stress induced (EDZSI) Excavation Damage Zones. The EDZ has been thoroughly investigated in ONKALO at the ONK-TKU-3620 niche located at -345 meter depth. In the studies that used various geophysical methods and hydraulic conductivity testing, a horizontal fracture without the characteristics of natural fracture was observed. In ground penetrating radar investigations fairly large reflectors occurred at the depth around 50 - 70 cm and Mise-á-la-Masse surveys gave indications of electrically highly conductive area. The characteristics of the fracture were confirmed and further observed when the investigation area was cut off using wire sawing. Rock mechanics modelling was used to confirm that the excavation of the niche causes a stress redistribution that can trigger stress induced plasticity or fracture growth beneath the excavated floor.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication7th International Symposium on In-Situ Rock Stress
Subtitle of host publicationSymposium Proceedings
EditorsErik Johansson, Ville Raasakka
Place of PublicationTampere, Finland
PublisherSuomen rakennusinsinöörien liitto RIL
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-758-606-1
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2016
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Symposium on In-Situ Rock Stress - Tampere Hall, Tampere, Finland
Duration: 10 May 201612 May 2016
Conference number: 7

Publication series

PublisherSuomen rakennusinsinöörien liitto RIL
ISSN (Electronic)0356-9403


ConferenceInternational Symposium on In-Situ Rock Stress
Abbreviated titleRS2016 Symposium
Internet address

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