Method to obtain 3D point clouds of tunnels using smartphone LiDAR and comparison to photogrammetry

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Abstract

Remote sensing methods, for example, photogrammetry and laser scanning can be employed to scan rock masses by digitizing underground spaces or slopes. To reconstruct a 3D model by photogrammetry, plenty of photos should be captured. This process is time-consuming and can be dangerous when the rock mass is unstable. Therefore, rapid capturing methods are needed to reduce the acquisition time. This can be achieved with LiDAR scanners that capture a 3D point cloud with a high-speed pulsed laser beam. However, the cost of laser scanners is high, which limits their usability. Apple’s iPhone 12 Pro Max smartphone is equipped with a LiDAR sensor and is much cheaper than conventional laser scanners. Several mobile applications for 3D models using the smartphone Lidar have been developed, making the scanning process easy. Therefore, smartphones can be used for rapid scanning of unstable surfaces of tunnels and slopes. In this study, 3D point clouds (3DPC) of a tunnel wall of the Underground Research Laboratory of Aalto University (URLA) are obtained by a high-resolution digital camera and smartphone LiDAR. The models are analyzed and compared. The results show the quality of the smartphone LiDAR sensor is adequate for generating 3D models of underground spaces.
Original languageEnglish
Article number012016
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume1124
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2023
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventISRM European Rock Mechanics Symposium: Rock and Fracture Mechanics in Rock Engineering and Mining: Rock and Fracture Mechanics in Rock Engineering and Mining - Dipoli, Otakaari 24, Espoo, Finland
Duration: 11 Sept 202215 Sept 2022
https://www.ril.fi/en/events/eurock-2022.html

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