(Meta)stable closed vortices in 3 + 1 dimensional gauge theories with an extended Higgs sector

A.J. Niemi, K. Palo, S.M.M. Virtanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)085020
JournalPhysical Review D
Publication statusPublished - 2000
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • closed finite energy vortices
  • Higgs model
  • topologically nontrivial knot
  • unified gauge models
  • Weinberg-Salam model

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