Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition of AlN on High Degree Roughness Vertical Surfaces for MEMS Fabrication

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Abstract

Aluminum nitride (AlN) grown on vertical surfaces can be utilized for the fabrication of advanced piezoelectric microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). The in-plane motion of the parts of a MEMS element is possible when AlN is deposited on the vertical surfaces of the moving structure. For the best device performance, AlN must have high crystal quality, uniform coverage of the vertical sidewalls, and c-axis crystalline orientation perpendicular to the plane of a vertical surface. The impact of the surface roughness (Rq) of the vertical sidewalls formed in Si using wet and dry etching methods on the crystal quality, crystallographic orientation, and uniformity of the metalorganic chemical vapor deposited (MOCVD) AlN thin films is studied in this paper. In both cases, AlN films demonstrated full sidewall coverage and grew crystalline in the c-axis direction. AlN films grown on vertical Si surfaces achieved using anisotropic wet etching are highly crystalline and oriented in [0001] direction, while the films grown on vertical surfaces achieved using dry etching displayed a lower level of alignment with the Si sidewalls.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Electronic Materials
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Jan 2024
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • aluminum nitride (AlN)
  • MOCVD
  • surface roughness
  • thin film
  • vertical sidewall

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