Mechanical properties of fire-retardant glass fiber-reinforced polymer materials with alumina tri-hydrate filler

Michaela R. Petersen, An Chen*, Mark Roll, S. J. Jung, Mostafa Yossef

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract Alumina tri-hydrate (ATH) can be effectively used to increase fire resistance of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) materials. This paper studies the effect of ATH filler on mechanical properties of Glass FRP (GFRP) material, based on compression, tension, shear and flexural test results from three types of GFRP materials with the amount of 0% (control), 25%, and 50% ATH filler by weight of the resin. It was found that the control was the strongest for all tests except for flexure, which is 3% lower than the flexural strength of 25% ATH sample. The compressive strength dropped 19% and 25% for 25% and 50% ATH loadings, respectively, compared to the control. For shear and tensile strengths, the 25% ATH sample acted similarly to the control, but the 50% ATH sample had a significantly lower strength. For stiffness, changing the additive amount from 0% to 50% had only small changes for compression, tension, and flexure. It can be concluded that adding ATH generally decreases the strength and makes FRP more brittle. The performance of a 25% ATH loading is comparable to the control except compression, while a 50% ATH loading has a more significant effect on the mechanical properties of the GFRP. The data presented in this paper can be used to develop fire-resistant FRP systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3505
Pages (from-to)109-121
Number of pages13
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • A. Glass fibres
  • A. Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
  • B. Mechanical properties
  • D. Mechanical testing
  • E. Alumina tri-hydrate filler


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