Measurements of injected impurity assimilation during massive gas injection experiments in DIII-D

E. M. Hollmann, T. C. Jernigan, P. B. Parks, J. A. Boedo, T. E. Evans, M. Groth, D. A. Humphreys, A. N. James, M. J. Lanctot, D. Nishijima, D. L. Rudakov, H. A. Scott, E. J. Strait, M. A. Van Zeeland, J. C. Wesley, W. P. West, W. Wu, J. H. Yu

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Abstract

Impurities (H2, D2, He, Ne or Ar) injected into steady (non-disrupting) discharges with massive gas injection (MGI) are shown to mix into the plasma core dominantly via magnetohydrodynamic activity during the plasma thermal quench (TQ). Mixing efficiencies of injected impurities into the plasma core are measured to be of order 0.05-0.4. 0D modelling of the experiments is found to reproduce observed TQ and current quench durations reasonably well (typically within ± 25% or so), although shutdown onset times are underestimated (by around 2×). Preliminary 0D modelling of ITER based on DIII-D mixing efficiencies suggests that MGI will work well in ITER with regard to disruption heat load and vessel force mitigation, but may not collisionally suppress runaway electrons.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115007
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume48
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2008
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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