Material inventory dataset for residential buildings in Finland

Tapio Kaasalainen*, Mario Kolkwitz, Bahareh Nasiri, Satu Huuhka, Mark Hughes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalData ArticleScientificpeer-review

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This dataset contains the material volumes, masses, and intensities for a total of 45 residential building cohorts in Finland from the 1940s to the 2010s. The specific building types included are one dwelling houses and blocks of flats. The data were drawn from representative case buildings and their derivatives. The data are primarily based on construction drawings, complemented by other documents such as bills of materials. The source material was mainly obtained from the archives of the building inspection authority of the city of Vantaa, Finland. Material volumes were derived from the construction drawings either directly from annotations or, when needed, by further measurements made based on the same material. For minor lacks of information in the original documents, documents of similar buildings and literature were consulted. A total of 26 buildings were inventoried directly. For each included combination of building type, construction decade, and bearing material these were the ones with the most common façade material. In addition, 19 buildings with the second most common façade material were formed based on these to represent the 45 cohorts. Material masses, and by extension intensities, were calculated based on the recorded volumes and typical densities of construction materials used in Finland. The material volumes, masses, and intensities per material and in total are presented as three spreadsheet tables, along with a description sheet, on three corresponding hierarchical levels of aggregation: per representative building, per vertical building level (foundations, basement, first storey, etc.), and per building part (floor, exterior walls, interior walls, etc.). Furthermore, they are distinguished between the building structure and complementary building components (windows and doors). The data can be used in academic, policy related, and practical investigations of the building stock, such as in evaluating the material consumption consequences of different spatial planning strategies on various levels or estimating the materials embedded in the built environment and their potential for capitalisation in the circular economy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109502
Number of pages12
JournalData in Brief
Early online date22 Aug 2023
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Anthropogenic resources
  • Building stock
  • Construction materials
  • Domestic buildings
  • Housing stock
  • Material composition
  • Material contents
  • Material intensity coefficients


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