Motivated by recent proposals to realize Majorana bound states in chains and arrays of magnetic atoms deposited on top of a superconductor, we study the topological properties of various chain structures, ladders, and two-dimensional arrangements exhibiting magnetic helices. We show that magnetic domain walls where the chirality of a magnetic helix is inverted support two protected Majorana states giving rise to a tunneling conductance peak twice the height of a single Majorana state. The topological properties of coupled chains exhibit nontrivial behavior as a function of the number of chains beyond the even-odd dichotomy expected from the simple Z2 nature of coupled Majorana states. In addition, it is possible that a ladder of two or more coupled chains exhibit Majorana edge states even when decoupled chains are trivial. We formulate a general criterion for the number of Majorana edge states in multichain ladders and discuss some experimental consequences of our findings.
|Journal||Physical Review B|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|