Major results from the first plasma campaign of the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator

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Major results from the first plasma campaign of the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator. / Wolf, R.C.; Ali, Anwaar; Alonso, A.; Baldzuhn, Jürgen; Beidler, Craig; Beurskens, M.; Biedermann, C.; Bosch, H. S.; Bozhenkov, S.; Brakel, Rudolf; Dinklage, Andreas; Feng, Yue; Fuchert, G; Geiger, J.; Grulke, Olaf; Helander, P.; Hirsch, M.; Höfel, Udo; Jakubowski, M.; Knauer, Jens; Kocsis, G; König, R.; Kornejew, Petra; Kràmer-Flecken, A.; Krychowiak, M.; Landreman, Matt; Langenberg, Andreas; Laqua, H.P.; Lazerson, S.; Maaßberg, H.; Marsen, S.; Marushchenko, M.; Moseev, D; Niemann, Holger; Pablant, Novimir; Pasch, Ekkehard; Rahbarnia, Kian; Schlisio, G.; Stange, Torsten; Sunn Pedersen, T.; Svensson, J.; Szepesi, T; Trimino Mora, H.; Turkin, Yuriy; Wauters, T; Weir, Gavin; Wenzel, U.; Windisch, Thomas; Wurden, G.; Zhang, D.; Abramovic, Ivana; Äkàslompolo, S.; Aleynikov, P.; Aleynikova, Ksenia; Alzbutas, R.; Anda, G.; Andreeva, T.; Ascasibar, Enrique; Assmann, J.; Baek, S. G.; Banduch, Martin; Barbui, Tullio; Barlak, M.; Baumann, Kristin; Behr, W.; Benndorf, Andree; Bertuch, O.; Biel, Wolfgang; Birus, Dietrich; Blackwell, Boyd; Blanco, E.; Blatzheim, Marko; Bluhm, Torsten; Böckenhoff, Daniel; Bolgert, Peter; Borchardt, Matthias; Borsuk, V.; Boscary, J.; Böttger, Lukas Georg; van den Brand, H; Brandt, Ch; Bràuer, T.; Braune, H.; Brezinsek, S; Brunner, K. J.; Brünner, B.; Burhenn, R.; Buttenschön, Birger; Bykov, Victor; Calvo, Ivan; Cannas, B.; Cappa, Alvaro; Carls, Andre; Carraro, L.; Carvalho, B. B.; Castejon, Francisco; Charl, A.; Chernyshev, F.; Cianciosa, Mark; Citarella, R.; Ciupiński; Claps, G.; Cole, Elizabeth M.; Cole, M. J.; Cordella, F.; Cseh, G; Czarnecka, A; Czermak, A.; Czerski, K.; Czerwinski, M.; Czymek, G.; Da Molin, A.; Da Silva, A.; Dammertz, G.; Danielson, J.; De La Pena, Angel; Degenkolbe, Sven; Denner, P; Dhard, D. P.; Dostal, Marion; Drevlak, Michael; Drewelow, P.; Drews, Ph; Dudek, Andrzej; Dundulis, G.; Durodie, F.; Von Eeten, Paul; Effenberg, Florian; Ehrke, G.; Endler, M; Ennis, D.; Erckmann, E.; Esteban, H.; Estrada, T.; Fahrenkamp, Nils; Feist, J. H.; Fellinger, Joris; Fernandes, H.; Fietz, W. H.; Figacz, Waldemar; Fontdecaba, J.; Ford, O; Fornal, Tomasz; Frerichs, H.; Freund, A.; Führer, M.; Funaba, T.; Galkowski, A.; Gantenbein, G.; Gao, Y.; García Regaña, J.; Garcia-Munoz, M; Gates, D.; Gawlik, G.; Geiger, B.; Giannella, V.; Gierse, N.; Gogoleva, Alena; Reinaldo Goncalves, Bruno; Goriaev, A.; Gradic, Dorothea; Grahl, Michael; Green, J.; Grosman, A.; Grote, Heinz; Gruca, M.; Guerard, Carlos; Haiduk, L.; Han, X.; Harberts, F.; Harris, J. H.; Hartfuß, H.-J.; Hartmann, D.; Hathiramani, Dag; Hein, Bernd; Heinemann, B; Heitzenroeder, P.; Henneberg, Sophia; Hennig, C.; Hernandez Sanchez, J.; Hidalgo, C.; Hölbe, Hauke; Hollfeld, K. P.; Hölting, Alf; Höschen, D.; Houry, Michael; Howard, J.; Huang, X.; Huber, M.; Huber, Valentina; Hunger, H.; Ida, K.; Ilkei, T; Illy, S.; Israeli, Ben; Ivanov, A.; Jablonski, Slowomir; Jagielski, J.; Jelonnek, J.; Jenzsch, Hartmut; Junghans, P.; Kacmarczyk, J.; Kaliatka, T.; Kallmeyer, Johann Peter; Kamionka, Ute; Karalevicius, R.; Kasahara, Hiroshi; Kasparek, W.; Kenmochi, Naoki; Keunecke, M.; Khilchenko, A.; Kinna, D. J.; Kleiber, Ralf; Klinger, T.; Knaup, M.; Kobarg, Th; Köchl, F.; Kolesnichenko, Yaroslav; Könies, Axel; Köppen, M.; Koshurinov, J.; Koslowski, R; Köster, Friedemann; Koziol, R.; Kràmer, M.; Krampitz, Rüdiger; Kraszewsk, P.; Krawczyk, N.; Kremeyer, Thierry; Krings, Th; Krom, JG; Krzesinski, G.; Ksiazek, I.; Kubkowska, M.; Kühner, Georg; Kurki-Suonio, T.; Kwak, Sehyun; Lang, Karl R.; Langish, S.; Laqua, H.; Laube, Ralph; Lechte, C.; Lennartz, M.; Leonhardt, W.; Lewerentz, L.; Liang, Y.; Linsmeier, Ch.; Liu, S.; Lobsien, Jim Felix; Loesser, D.; Loizu Cisquella, J.; Lore, J. D.; Lorenz, A.; Losert, M.; Lubyako, L.; Lücke, A.; Lumsdaine, A.; Lutsenko, VN; Majano-Brown, J.; Marchuk, O.; Mardenfeld, M.; Marek, P.; Massidda, S.; Masuzaki, S.; Maurer, D.; McCarthy, Kieran; McNeely, Paul; Meier, A.; Mellein, D.; Mendelevitch, B.; Mertens, Ph.; Mikkelsen, DR; Mishchenko, O.; Missal, Bernd; Mittelstaedt, Joseph; Mizuuchi, T.; Mollen, Albert; Moncada, Victor; Mönnich, Thomas; Morizaki, T.; Munk, R.; Murakami, S.; Musielok, F.; Náfrádi, G.; Nagel, Mathias; Naujoks, Dirk; Neilson, G. Hutch; Neubauer, O.; Neuner, U.; Ngo, Tran Tranh; Nocentini, R.; Nührenberg, Carolin; Nührenberg, Jürgen; Obermayer, S.; Offermanns, G.; Ogawa, K.; Ongena, J.; Oosterbeek, J. W.; Orozco, G.; Otte, M.; Pacios Rodriguez, L.; Pan, Wei; Panadero, Nerea; Panadero Alvarez, N.; Panin, A.; Papenfuß, D.; Paqay, S.; Pavone, Andrea; Pawelec, Ewa; Pelka, G.; Peng, Xiaoniu; Perseo, Valeria; Peterson, Ben; Pieper, A.; Pilopp, Dirk; Pingel, S.; Pisano, F.; Plaum, B; Plunk, Gabriel; Povilaitis, M.; Preinhaelter, J.; Proll, Josefine; Puiatti, M.E.; Puig Sitjes, A.; Purps, Frank; Rack, M.; Récsei, S.; Reiman, A.; Reiter, D.; Remppel, F.; Renard, S.; Riedl, R; Riemann, Jörg; Rimkevicius, S.; Riße, K.; Rodatos, A.; Röhlinger, H.; Romé, M.; Rong, Peter; Roscher, H. J.; Roth, B.; Rudischhauser, Lukas; Rummel, Kerstin; Rummel, Thomas; Runov, A.; Rust, Norbert; Ryc, L.; Ryosuke, S.; Sakamoto, R.; Samartsev, A.; Sanchez, M.; Sano, F.; Satake, Shinsuke; Satheeswaran, G.; Schacht, Jörg; Schauer, F.; Scherer, T.; Schlaich, A.; Schlüter, K. H.; Schmitt, J.; Schmitz, Hans Christian; Schmitz, O; Schmuck, S.; Schneider, M; Schneider, W; Scholz, M.; Scholz, P.; Schrittwieser, R; Schröder, M.; Schröder, Timo; Schroeder, R.; Schumacher, Hans Werner; Schweer, B.; Shanahan, B.; Shikhovtsev, I. V.; Sibilia, M.; Sinha, Priyanjana; Sipilä, Seppo; Skodzik, J.; Slaby, Christoph; Smith, Håkan; Spiess, W.; Spong, D. A.; Spring, Anett; Stadler, Rolf; Standley, Brian; Stephey, Laurie; Stoneking, Matthew; Stridde, Uwe; Sulek, Z.; Surko, C.; Suzuki, Y.; Szabó, V.; Szabolics, T.; Szökefalvi-Nagy, Z.; Tamura, Naoyuki; Terra, A.; Terry, J.L.; Thomas, J. D.; Thomsen, H.; Thumm, M.; Thun, C.P; Timmermann, D.; Titus, P.; Toi, K.; Travere, J. M.; Traverso, Paolo; Tretter, J.; Tsuchiya, Hayato; Tsujimura, T.; Tulipán, S.; Turnyanskiy, M.; Unterberg, B.; Urban, Maximilian J.; Urbonavicius, E.; Vakulchyk, I.; Valet, Swetlana; Van Millingen, B.; Vela, Luis; Velasco, Jose Luis; Vergote, Maarten; Vervier, M.; Vianello, N; Viebke, Holger; Vilbrandt, Reinhard; Vorkörper, A.; Wadle, S.; Wagner, Friedrich; Wang, Erhui; Wang, Nan; Warmer, Felix; Wegener, Lutz; Weggen, J.; Wei, Y.; Wendorf, Jörg; Werner, Andreas; Wiegel, Burkhard; Wilde, Fabian; Winkler, E.; Winters, Victoria; Wolf, N. S.; Wolowski, J.; von Wright, A.; Xanthopoulos, Pavlos; Yamada, Hirofumi; Yamada, Ichihiro; Yasuhara, Ryo; Yokoyama, Masayuki; Zajac, J.; Zarnstorff, MC; Zeitler, J. Axel; Zhang, H.; Zhu, Jun; Zilker, Manfred; Zimbal, Andreas; Zocco, Alessandro; Zoletnik, S.; Zuin, M.

In: Nuclear Fusion, Vol. 57, No. 10, 102020, 27.07.2017, p. 1-13.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Wolf, RC, Ali, A, Alonso, A, Baldzuhn, J, Beidler, C, Beurskens, M, Biedermann, C, Bosch, HS, Bozhenkov, S, Brakel, R, Dinklage, A, Feng, Y, Fuchert, G, Geiger, J, Grulke, O, Helander, P, Hirsch, M, Höfel, U, Jakubowski, M, Knauer, J, Kocsis, G, König, R, Kornejew, P, Kràmer-Flecken, A, Krychowiak, M, Landreman, M, Langenberg, A, Laqua, HP, Lazerson, S, Maaßberg, H, Marsen, S, Marushchenko, M, Moseev, D, Niemann, H, Pablant, N, Pasch, E, Rahbarnia, K, Schlisio, G, Stange, T, Sunn Pedersen, T, Svensson, J, Szepesi, T, Trimino Mora, H, Turkin, Y, Wauters, T, Weir, G, Wenzel, U, Windisch, T, Wurden, G, Zhang, D, Abramovic, I, Äkàslompolo, S, Aleynikov, P, Aleynikova, K, Alzbutas, R, Anda, G, Andreeva, T, Ascasibar, E, Assmann, J, Baek, SG, Banduch, M, Barbui, T, Barlak, M, Baumann, K, Behr, W, Benndorf, A, Bertuch, O, Biel, W, Birus, D, Blackwell, B, Blanco, E, Blatzheim, M, Bluhm, T, Böckenhoff, D, Bolgert, P, Borchardt, M, Borsuk, V, Boscary, J, Böttger, LG, van den Brand, H, Brandt, C, Bràuer, T, Braune, H, Brezinsek, S, Brunner, KJ, Brünner, B, Burhenn, R, Buttenschön, B, Bykov, V, Calvo, I, Cannas, B, Cappa, A, Carls, A, Carraro, L, Carvalho, BB, Castejon, F, Charl, A, Chernyshev, F, Cianciosa, M, Citarella, R, Ciupiński, Claps, G, Cole, EM, Cole, MJ, Cordella, F, Cseh, G, Czarnecka, A, Czermak, A, Czerski, K, Czerwinski, M, Czymek, G, Da Molin, A, Da Silva, A, Dammertz, G, Danielson, J, De La Pena, A, Degenkolbe, S, Denner, P, Dhard, DP, Dostal, M, Drevlak, M, Drewelow, P, Drews, P, Dudek, A, Dundulis, G, Durodie, F, Von Eeten, P, Effenberg, F, Ehrke, G, Endler, M, Ennis, D, Erckmann, E, Esteban, H, Estrada, T, Fahrenkamp, N, Feist, JH, Fellinger, J, Fernandes, H, Fietz, WH, Figacz, W, Fontdecaba, J, Ford, O, Fornal, T, Frerichs, H, Freund, A, Führer, M, Funaba, T, Galkowski, A, Gantenbein, G, Gao, Y, García Regaña, J, Garcia-Munoz, M, Gates, D, Gawlik, G, Geiger, B, Giannella, V, Gierse, N, Gogoleva, A, Reinaldo Goncalves, B, Goriaev, A, Gradic, D, Grahl, M, Green, J, Grosman, A, Grote, H, Gruca, M, Guerard, C, Haiduk, L, Han, X, Harberts, F, Harris, JH, Hartfuß, H-J, Hartmann, D, Hathiramani, D, Hein, B, Heinemann, B, Heitzenroeder, P, Henneberg, S, Hennig, C, Hernandez Sanchez, J, Hidalgo, C, Hölbe, H, Hollfeld, KP, Hölting, A, Höschen, D, Houry, M, Howard, J, Huang, X, Huber, M, Huber, V, Hunger, H, Ida, K, Ilkei, T, Illy, S, Israeli, B, Ivanov, A, Jablonski, S, Jagielski, J, Jelonnek, J, Jenzsch, H, Junghans, P, Kacmarczyk, J, Kaliatka, T, Kallmeyer, JP, Kamionka, U, Karalevicius, R, Kasahara, H, Kasparek, W, Kenmochi, N, Keunecke, M, Khilchenko, A, Kinna, DJ, Kleiber, R, Klinger, T, Knaup, M, Kobarg, T, Köchl, F, Kolesnichenko, Y, Könies, A, Köppen, M, Koshurinov, J, Koslowski, R, Köster, F, Koziol, R, Kràmer, M, Krampitz, R, Kraszewsk, P, Krawczyk, N, Kremeyer, T, Krings, T, Krom, JG, Krzesinski, G, Ksiazek, I, Kubkowska, M, Kühner, G, Kurki-Suonio, T, Kwak, S, Lang, KR, Langish, S, Laqua, H, Laube, R, Lechte, C, Lennartz, M, Leonhardt, W, Lewerentz, L, Liang, Y, Linsmeier, C, Liu, S, Lobsien, JF, Loesser, D, Loizu Cisquella, J, Lore, JD, Lorenz, A, Losert, M, Lubyako, L, Lücke, A, Lumsdaine, A, Lutsenko, VN, Majano-Brown, J, Marchuk, O, Mardenfeld, M, Marek, P, Massidda, S, Masuzaki, S, Maurer, D, McCarthy, K, McNeely, P, Meier, A, Mellein, D, Mendelevitch, B, Mertens, P, Mikkelsen, DR, Mishchenko, O, Missal, B, Mittelstaedt, J, Mizuuchi, T, Mollen, A, Moncada, V, Mönnich, T, Morizaki, T, Munk, R, Murakami, S, Musielok, F, Náfrádi, G, Nagel, M, Naujoks, D, Neilson, GH, Neubauer, O, Neuner, U, Ngo, TT, Nocentini, R, Nührenberg, C, Nührenberg, J, Obermayer, S, Offermanns, G, Ogawa, K, Ongena, J, Oosterbeek, JW, Orozco, G, Otte, M, Pacios Rodriguez, L, Pan, W, Panadero, N, Panadero Alvarez, N, Panin, A, Papenfuß, D, Paqay, S, Pavone, A, Pawelec, E, Pelka, G, Peng, X, Perseo, V, Peterson, B, Pieper, A, Pilopp, D, Pingel, S, Pisano, F, Plaum, B, Plunk, G, Povilaitis, M, Preinhaelter, J, Proll, J, Puiatti, ME, Puig Sitjes, A, Purps, F, Rack, M, Récsei, S, Reiman, A, Reiter, D, Remppel, F, Renard, S, Riedl, R, Riemann, J, Rimkevicius, S, Riße, K, Rodatos, A, Röhlinger, H, Romé, M, Rong, P, Roscher, HJ, Roth, B, Rudischhauser, L, Rummel, K, Rummel, T, Runov, A, Rust, N, Ryc, L, Ryosuke, S, Sakamoto, R, Samartsev, A, Sanchez, M, Sano, F, Satake, S, Satheeswaran, G, Schacht, J, Schauer, F, Scherer, T, Schlaich, A, Schlüter, KH, Schmitt, J, Schmitz, HC, Schmitz, O, Schmuck, S, Schneider, M, Schneider, W, Scholz, M, Scholz, P, Schrittwieser, R, Schröder, M, Schröder, T, Schroeder, R, Schumacher, HW, Schweer, B, Shanahan, B, Shikhovtsev, IV, Sibilia, M, Sinha, P, Sipilä, S, Skodzik, J, Slaby, C, Smith, H, Spiess, W, Spong, DA, Spring, A, Stadler, R, Standley, B, Stephey, L, Stoneking, M, Stridde, U, Sulek, Z, Surko, C, Suzuki, Y, Szabó, V, Szabolics, T, Szökefalvi-Nagy, Z, Tamura, N, Terra, A, Terry, JL, Thomas, JD, Thomsen, H, Thumm, M, Thun, CP, Timmermann, D, Titus, P, Toi, K, Travere, JM, Traverso, P, Tretter, J, Tsuchiya, H, Tsujimura, T, Tulipán, S, Turnyanskiy, M, Unterberg, B, Urban, MJ, Urbonavicius, E, Vakulchyk, I, Valet, S, Van Millingen, B, Vela, L, Velasco, JL, Vergote, M, Vervier, M, Vianello, N, Viebke, H, Vilbrandt, R, Vorkörper, A, Wadle, S, Wagner, F, Wang, E, Wang, N, Warmer, F, Wegener, L, Weggen, J, Wei, Y, Wendorf, J, Werner, A, Wiegel, B, Wilde, F, Winkler, E, Winters, V, Wolf, NS, Wolowski, J, von Wright, A, Xanthopoulos, P, Yamada, H, Yamada, I, Yasuhara, R, Yokoyama, M, Zajac, J, Zarnstorff, MC, Zeitler, JA, Zhang, H, Zhu, J, Zilker, M, Zimbal, A, Zocco, A, Zoletnik, S & Zuin, M 2017, 'Major results from the first plasma campaign of the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 57, no. 10, 102020, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1088/1741-4326/aa770d

APA

Wolf, R. C., Ali, A., Alonso, A., Baldzuhn, J., Beidler, C., Beurskens, M., ... Zuin, M. (2017). Major results from the first plasma campaign of the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator. Nuclear Fusion, 57(10), 1-13. [102020]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1741-4326/aa770d

Vancouver

Wolf RC, Ali A, Alonso A, Baldzuhn J, Beidler C, Beurskens M et al. Major results from the first plasma campaign of the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator. Nuclear Fusion. 2017 Jul 27;57(10):1-13. 102020. https://doi.org/10.1088/1741-4326/aa770d

Author

Wolf, R.C. ; Ali, Anwaar ; Alonso, A. ; Baldzuhn, Jürgen ; Beidler, Craig ; Beurskens, M. ; Biedermann, C. ; Bosch, H. S. ; Bozhenkov, S. ; Brakel, Rudolf ; Dinklage, Andreas ; Feng, Yue ; Fuchert, G ; Geiger, J. ; Grulke, Olaf ; Helander, P. ; Hirsch, M. ; Höfel, Udo ; Jakubowski, M. ; Knauer, Jens ; Kocsis, G ; König, R. ; Kornejew, Petra ; Kràmer-Flecken, A. ; Krychowiak, M. ; Landreman, Matt ; Langenberg, Andreas ; Laqua, H.P. ; Lazerson, S. ; Maaßberg, H. ; Marsen, S. ; Marushchenko, M. ; Moseev, D ; Niemann, Holger ; Pablant, Novimir ; Pasch, Ekkehard ; Rahbarnia, Kian ; Schlisio, G. ; Stange, Torsten ; Sunn Pedersen, T. ; Svensson, J. ; Szepesi, T ; Trimino Mora, H. ; Turkin, Yuriy ; Wauters, T ; Weir, Gavin ; Wenzel, U. ; Windisch, Thomas ; Wurden, G. ; Zhang, D. ; Abramovic, Ivana ; Äkàslompolo, S. ; Aleynikov, P. ; Aleynikova, Ksenia ; Alzbutas, R. ; Anda, G. ; Andreeva, T. ; Ascasibar, Enrique ; Assmann, J. ; Baek, S. G. ; Banduch, Martin ; Barbui, Tullio ; Barlak, M. ; Baumann, Kristin ; Behr, W. ; Benndorf, Andree ; Bertuch, O. ; Biel, Wolfgang ; Birus, Dietrich ; Blackwell, Boyd ; Blanco, E. ; Blatzheim, Marko ; Bluhm, Torsten ; Böckenhoff, Daniel ; Bolgert, Peter ; Borchardt, Matthias ; Borsuk, V. ; Boscary, J. ; Böttger, Lukas Georg ; van den Brand, H ; Brandt, Ch ; Bràuer, T. ; Braune, H. ; Brezinsek, S ; Brunner, K. J. ; Brünner, B. ; Burhenn, R. ; Buttenschön, Birger ; Bykov, Victor ; Calvo, Ivan ; Cannas, B. ; Cappa, Alvaro ; Carls, Andre ; Carraro, L. ; Carvalho, B. B. ; Castejon, Francisco ; Charl, A. ; Chernyshev, F. ; Cianciosa, Mark ; Citarella, R. ; Ciupiński ; Claps, G. ; Cole, Elizabeth M. ; Cole, M. J. ; Cordella, F. ; Cseh, G ; Czarnecka, A ; Czermak, A. ; Czerski, K. ; Czerwinski, M. ; Czymek, G. ; Da Molin, A. ; Da Silva, A. ; Dammertz, G. ; Danielson, J. ; De La Pena, Angel ; Degenkolbe, Sven ; Denner, P ; Dhard, D. P. ; Dostal, Marion ; Drevlak, Michael ; Drewelow, P. ; Drews, Ph ; Dudek, Andrzej ; Dundulis, G. ; Durodie, F. ; Von Eeten, Paul ; Effenberg, Florian ; Ehrke, G. ; Endler, M ; Ennis, D. ; Erckmann, E. ; Esteban, H. ; Estrada, T. ; Fahrenkamp, Nils ; Feist, J. H. ; Fellinger, Joris ; Fernandes, H. ; Fietz, W. H. ; Figacz, Waldemar ; Fontdecaba, J. ; Ford, O ; Fornal, Tomasz ; Frerichs, H. ; Freund, A. ; Führer, M. ; Funaba, T. ; Galkowski, A. ; Gantenbein, G. ; Gao, Y. ; García Regaña, J. ; Garcia-Munoz, M ; Gates, D. ; Gawlik, G. ; Geiger, B. ; Giannella, V. ; Gierse, N. ; Gogoleva, Alena ; Reinaldo Goncalves, Bruno ; Goriaev, A. ; Gradic, Dorothea ; Grahl, Michael ; Green, J. ; Grosman, A. ; Grote, Heinz ; Gruca, M. ; Guerard, Carlos ; Haiduk, L. ; Han, X. ; Harberts, F. ; Harris, J. H. ; Hartfuß, H.-J. ; Hartmann, D. ; Hathiramani, Dag ; Hein, Bernd ; Heinemann, B ; Heitzenroeder, P. ; Henneberg, Sophia ; Hennig, C. ; Hernandez Sanchez, J. ; Hidalgo, C. ; Hölbe, Hauke ; Hollfeld, K. P. ; Hölting, Alf ; Höschen, D. ; Houry, Michael ; Howard, J. ; Huang, X. ; Huber, M. ; Huber, Valentina ; Hunger, H. ; Ida, K. ; Ilkei, T ; Illy, S. ; Israeli, Ben ; Ivanov, A. ; Jablonski, Slowomir ; Jagielski, J. ; Jelonnek, J. ; Jenzsch, Hartmut ; Junghans, P. ; Kacmarczyk, J. ; Kaliatka, T. ; Kallmeyer, Johann Peter ; Kamionka, Ute ; Karalevicius, R. ; Kasahara, Hiroshi ; Kasparek, W. ; Kenmochi, Naoki ; Keunecke, M. ; Khilchenko, A. ; Kinna, D. J. ; Kleiber, Ralf ; Klinger, T. ; Knaup, M. ; Kobarg, Th ; Köchl, F. ; Kolesnichenko, Yaroslav ; Könies, Axel ; Köppen, M. ; Koshurinov, J. ; Koslowski, R ; Köster, Friedemann ; Koziol, R. ; Kràmer, M. ; Krampitz, Rüdiger ; Kraszewsk, P. ; Krawczyk, N. ; Kremeyer, Thierry ; Krings, Th ; Krom, JG ; Krzesinski, G. ; Ksiazek, I. ; Kubkowska, M. ; Kühner, Georg ; Kurki-Suonio, T. ; Kwak, Sehyun ; Lang, Karl R. ; Langish, S. ; Laqua, H. ; Laube, Ralph ; Lechte, C. ; Lennartz, M. ; Leonhardt, W. ; Lewerentz, L. ; Liang, Y. ; Linsmeier, Ch. ; Liu, S. ; Lobsien, Jim Felix ; Loesser, D. ; Loizu Cisquella, J. ; Lore, J. D. ; Lorenz, A. ; Losert, M. ; Lubyako, L. ; Lücke, A. ; Lumsdaine, A. ; Lutsenko, VN ; Majano-Brown, J. ; Marchuk, O. ; Mardenfeld, M. ; Marek, P. ; Massidda, S. ; Masuzaki, S. ; Maurer, D. ; McCarthy, Kieran ; McNeely, Paul ; Meier, A. ; Mellein, D. ; Mendelevitch, B. ; Mertens, Ph. ; Mikkelsen, DR ; Mishchenko, O. ; Missal, Bernd ; Mittelstaedt, Joseph ; Mizuuchi, T. ; Mollen, Albert ; Moncada, Victor ; Mönnich, Thomas ; Morizaki, T. ; Munk, R. ; Murakami, S. ; Musielok, F. ; Náfrádi, G. ; Nagel, Mathias ; Naujoks, Dirk ; Neilson, G. Hutch ; Neubauer, O. ; Neuner, U. ; Ngo, Tran Tranh ; Nocentini, R. ; Nührenberg, Carolin ; Nührenberg, Jürgen ; Obermayer, S. ; Offermanns, G. ; Ogawa, K. ; Ongena, J. ; Oosterbeek, J. W. ; Orozco, G. ; Otte, M. ; Pacios Rodriguez, L. ; Pan, Wei ; Panadero, Nerea ; Panadero Alvarez, N. ; Panin, A. ; Papenfuß, D. ; Paqay, S. ; Pavone, Andrea ; Pawelec, Ewa ; Pelka, G. ; Peng, Xiaoniu ; Perseo, Valeria ; Peterson, Ben ; Pieper, A. ; Pilopp, Dirk ; Pingel, S. ; Pisano, F. ; Plaum, B ; Plunk, Gabriel ; Povilaitis, M. ; Preinhaelter, J. ; Proll, Josefine ; Puiatti, M.E. ; Puig Sitjes, A. ; Purps, Frank ; Rack, M. ; Récsei, S. ; Reiman, A. ; Reiter, D. ; Remppel, F. ; Renard, S. ; Riedl, R ; Riemann, Jörg ; Rimkevicius, S. ; Riße, K. ; Rodatos, A. ; Röhlinger, H. ; Romé, M. ; Rong, Peter ; Roscher, H. J. ; Roth, B. ; Rudischhauser, Lukas ; Rummel, Kerstin ; Rummel, Thomas ; Runov, A. ; Rust, Norbert ; Ryc, L. ; Ryosuke, S. ; Sakamoto, R. ; Samartsev, A. ; Sanchez, M. ; Sano, F. ; Satake, Shinsuke ; Satheeswaran, G. ; Schacht, Jörg ; Schauer, F. ; Scherer, T. ; Schlaich, A. ; Schlüter, K. H. ; Schmitt, J. ; Schmitz, Hans Christian ; Schmitz, O ; Schmuck, S. ; Schneider, M ; Schneider, W ; Scholz, M. ; Scholz, P. ; Schrittwieser, R ; Schröder, M. ; Schröder, Timo ; Schroeder, R. ; Schumacher, Hans Werner ; Schweer, B. ; Shanahan, B. ; Shikhovtsev, I. V. ; Sibilia, M. ; Sinha, Priyanjana ; Sipilä, Seppo ; Skodzik, J. ; Slaby, Christoph ; Smith, Håkan ; Spiess, W. ; Spong, D. A. ; Spring, Anett ; Stadler, Rolf ; Standley, Brian ; Stephey, Laurie ; Stoneking, Matthew ; Stridde, Uwe ; Sulek, Z. ; Surko, C. ; Suzuki, Y. ; Szabó, V. ; Szabolics, T. ; Szökefalvi-Nagy, Z. ; Tamura, Naoyuki ; Terra, A. ; Terry, J.L. ; Thomas, J. D. ; Thomsen, H. ; Thumm, M. ; Thun, C.P ; Timmermann, D. ; Titus, P. ; Toi, K. ; Travere, J. M. ; Traverso, Paolo ; Tretter, J. ; Tsuchiya, Hayato ; Tsujimura, T. ; Tulipán, S. ; Turnyanskiy, M. ; Unterberg, B. ; Urban, Maximilian J. ; Urbonavicius, E. ; Vakulchyk, I. ; Valet, Swetlana ; Van Millingen, B. ; Vela, Luis ; Velasco, Jose Luis ; Vergote, Maarten ; Vervier, M. ; Vianello, N ; Viebke, Holger ; Vilbrandt, Reinhard ; Vorkörper, A. ; Wadle, S. ; Wagner, Friedrich ; Wang, Erhui ; Wang, Nan ; Warmer, Felix ; Wegener, Lutz ; Weggen, J. ; Wei, Y. ; Wendorf, Jörg ; Werner, Andreas ; Wiegel, Burkhard ; Wilde, Fabian ; Winkler, E. ; Winters, Victoria ; Wolf, N. S. ; Wolowski, J. ; von Wright, A. ; Xanthopoulos, Pavlos ; Yamada, Hirofumi ; Yamada, Ichihiro ; Yasuhara, Ryo ; Yokoyama, Masayuki ; Zajac, J. ; Zarnstorff, MC ; Zeitler, J. Axel ; Zhang, H. ; Zhu, Jun ; Zilker, Manfred ; Zimbal, Andreas ; Zocco, Alessandro ; Zoletnik, S. ; Zuin, M. / Major results from the first plasma campaign of the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator. In: Nuclear Fusion. 2017 ; Vol. 57, No. 10. pp. 1-13.

Bibtex - Download

@article{879cf4fed5c447bca13da3a2535f73c5,
title = "Major results from the first plasma campaign of the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator",
abstract = "After completing the main construction phase of Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) and successfully commissioning the device, first plasma operation started at the end of 2015. Integral commissioning of plasma start-up and operation using electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) and an extensive set of plasma diagnostics have been completed, allowing initial physics studies during the first operational campaign. Both in helium and hydrogen, plasma breakdown was easily achieved. Gaining experience with plasma vessel conditioning, discharge lengths could be extended gradually. Eventually, discharges lasted up to 6 s, reaching an injected energy of 4 MJ, which is twice the limit originally agreed for the limiter configuration employed during the first operational campaign. At power levels of 4 MW central electron densities reached 3 1019 m-3, central electron temperatures reached values of 7 keV and ion temperatures reached just above 2 keV. Important physics studies during this first operational phase include a first assessment of power balance and energy confinement, ECRH power deposition experiments, 2nd harmonic O-mode ECRH using multi-pass absorption, and current drive experiments using electron cyclotron current drive. As in many plasma discharges the electron temperature exceeds the ion temperature significantly, these plasmas are governed by core electron root confinement showing a strong positive electric field in the plasma centre.",
keywords = "current drive, magnetic confinement, plasma heating, stellarator",
author = "R.C. Wolf and Anwaar Ali and A. Alonso and J{\"u}rgen Baldzuhn and Craig Beidler and M. Beurskens and C. Biedermann and Bosch, {H. S.} and S. Bozhenkov and Rudolf Brakel and Andreas Dinklage and Yue Feng and G Fuchert and J. Geiger and Olaf Grulke and P. Helander and M. Hirsch and Udo H{\"o}fel and M. Jakubowski and Jens Knauer and G Kocsis and R. K{\"o}nig and Petra Kornejew and A. Kr{\`a}mer-Flecken and M. Krychowiak and Matt Landreman and Andreas Langenberg and H.P. Laqua and S. Lazerson and H. Maa{\ss}berg and S. Marsen and M. Marushchenko and D Moseev and Holger Niemann and Novimir Pablant and Ekkehard Pasch and Kian Rahbarnia and G. Schlisio and Torsten Stange and {Sunn Pedersen}, T. and J. Svensson and T Szepesi and {Trimino Mora}, H. and Yuriy Turkin and T Wauters and Gavin Weir and U. Wenzel and Thomas Windisch and G. Wurden and D. Zhang and Ivana Abramovic and S. {\"A}k{\`a}slompolo and P. Aleynikov and Ksenia Aleynikova and R. Alzbutas and G. Anda and T. Andreeva and Enrique Ascasibar and J. Assmann and Baek, {S. G.} and Martin Banduch and Tullio Barbui and M. Barlak and Kristin Baumann and W. Behr and Andree Benndorf and O. Bertuch and Wolfgang Biel and Dietrich Birus and Boyd Blackwell and E. Blanco and Marko Blatzheim and Torsten Bluhm and Daniel B{\"o}ckenhoff and Peter Bolgert and Matthias Borchardt and V. Borsuk and J. Boscary and B{\"o}ttger, {Lukas Georg} and {van den Brand}, H and Ch Brandt and T. Br{\`a}uer and H. Braune and S Brezinsek and Brunner, {K. J.} and B. Br{\"u}nner and R. Burhenn and Birger Buttensch{\"o}n and Victor Bykov and Ivan Calvo and B. Cannas and Alvaro Cappa and Andre Carls and L. Carraro and Carvalho, {B. B.} and Francisco Castejon and A. Charl and F. Chernyshev and Mark Cianciosa and R. Citarella and Ciupiński and G. Claps and Cole, {Elizabeth M.} and Cole, {M. J.} and F. Cordella and G Cseh and A Czarnecka and A. Czermak and K. Czerski and M. Czerwinski and G. Czymek and {Da Molin}, A. and {Da Silva}, A. and G. Dammertz and J. Danielson and {De La Pena}, Angel and Sven Degenkolbe and P Denner and Dhard, {D. P.} and Marion Dostal and Michael Drevlak and P. Drewelow and Ph Drews and Andrzej Dudek and G. Dundulis and F. Durodie and {Von Eeten}, Paul and Florian Effenberg and G. Ehrke and M Endler and D. Ennis and E. Erckmann and H. Esteban and T. Estrada and Nils Fahrenkamp and Feist, {J. H.} and Joris Fellinger and H. Fernandes and Fietz, {W. H.} and Waldemar Figacz and J. Fontdecaba and O Ford and Tomasz Fornal and H. Frerichs and A. Freund and M. F{\"u}hrer and T. Funaba and A. Galkowski and G. Gantenbein and Y. Gao and {Garc{\'i}a Rega{\~n}a}, J. and M Garcia-Munoz and D. Gates and G. Gawlik and B. Geiger and V. Giannella and N. Gierse and Alena Gogoleva and {Reinaldo Goncalves}, Bruno and A. Goriaev and Dorothea Gradic and Michael Grahl and J. Green and A. Grosman and Heinz Grote and M. Gruca and Carlos Guerard and L. Haiduk and X. Han and F. Harberts and Harris, {J. H.} and H.-J. Hartfu{\ss} and D. Hartmann and Dag Hathiramani and Bernd Hein and B Heinemann and P. Heitzenroeder and Sophia Henneberg and C. Hennig and {Hernandez Sanchez}, J. and C. Hidalgo and Hauke H{\"o}lbe and Hollfeld, {K. P.} and Alf H{\"o}lting and D. H{\"o}schen and Michael Houry and J. Howard and X. Huang and M. Huber and Valentina Huber and H. Hunger and K. Ida and T Ilkei and S. Illy and Ben Israeli and A. Ivanov and Slowomir Jablonski and J. Jagielski and J. Jelonnek and Hartmut Jenzsch and P. Junghans and J. Kacmarczyk and T. Kaliatka and Kallmeyer, {Johann Peter} and Ute Kamionka and R. Karalevicius and Hiroshi Kasahara and W. Kasparek and Naoki Kenmochi and M. Keunecke and A. Khilchenko and Kinna, {D. J.} and Ralf Kleiber and T. Klinger and M. Knaup and Th Kobarg and F. K{\"o}chl and Yaroslav Kolesnichenko and Axel K{\"o}nies and M. K{\"o}ppen and J. Koshurinov and R Koslowski and Friedemann K{\"o}ster and R. Koziol and M. Kr{\`a}mer and R{\"u}diger Krampitz and P. Kraszewsk and N. Krawczyk and Thierry Kremeyer and Th Krings and JG Krom and G. Krzesinski and I. Ksiazek and M. Kubkowska and Georg K{\"u}hner and T. Kurki-Suonio and Sehyun Kwak and Lang, {Karl R.} and S. Langish and H. Laqua and Ralph Laube and C. Lechte and M. Lennartz and W. Leonhardt and L. Lewerentz and Y. Liang and Ch. Linsmeier and S. Liu and Lobsien, {Jim Felix} and D. Loesser and {Loizu Cisquella}, J. and Lore, {J. D.} and A. Lorenz and M. Losert and L. Lubyako and A. L{\"u}cke and A. Lumsdaine and VN Lutsenko and J. Majano-Brown and O. Marchuk and M. Mardenfeld and P. Marek and S. Massidda and S. Masuzaki and D. Maurer and Kieran McCarthy and Paul McNeely and A. Meier and D. Mellein and B. Mendelevitch and Ph. Mertens and DR Mikkelsen and O. Mishchenko and Bernd Missal and Joseph Mittelstaedt and T. Mizuuchi and Albert Mollen and Victor Moncada and Thomas M{\"o}nnich and T. Morizaki and R. Munk and S. Murakami and F. Musielok and G. N{\'a}fr{\'a}di and Mathias Nagel and Dirk Naujoks and Neilson, {G. Hutch} and O. Neubauer and U. Neuner and Ngo, {Tran Tranh} and R. Nocentini and Carolin N{\"u}hrenberg and J{\"u}rgen N{\"u}hrenberg and S. Obermayer and G. Offermanns and K. Ogawa and J. Ongena and Oosterbeek, {J. W.} and G. Orozco and M. Otte and {Pacios Rodriguez}, L. and Wei Pan and Nerea Panadero and {Panadero Alvarez}, N. and A. Panin and D. Papenfu{\ss} and S. Paqay and Andrea Pavone and Ewa Pawelec and G. Pelka and Xiaoniu Peng and Valeria Perseo and Ben Peterson and A. Pieper and Dirk Pilopp and S. Pingel and F. Pisano and B Plaum and Gabriel Plunk and M. Povilaitis and J. Preinhaelter and Josefine Proll and M.E. Puiatti and {Puig Sitjes}, A. and Frank Purps and M. Rack and S. R{\'e}csei and A. Reiman and D. Reiter and F. Remppel and S. Renard and R Riedl and J{\"o}rg Riemann and S. Rimkevicius and K. Ri{\ss}e and A. Rodatos and H. R{\"o}hlinger and M. Rom{\'e} and Peter Rong and Roscher, {H. J.} and B. Roth and Lukas Rudischhauser and Kerstin Rummel and Thomas Rummel and A. Runov and Norbert Rust and L. Ryc and S. Ryosuke and R. Sakamoto and A. Samartsev and M. Sanchez and F. Sano and Shinsuke Satake and G. Satheeswaran and J{\"o}rg Schacht and F. Schauer and T. Scherer and A. Schlaich and Schl{\"u}ter, {K. H.} and J. Schmitt and Schmitz, {Hans Christian} and O Schmitz and S. Schmuck and M Schneider and W Schneider and M. Scholz and P. Scholz and R Schrittwieser and M. Schr{\"o}der and Timo Schr{\"o}der and R. Schroeder and Schumacher, {Hans Werner} and B. Schweer and B. Shanahan and Shikhovtsev, {I. V.} and M. Sibilia and Priyanjana Sinha and Seppo Sipil{\"a} and J. Skodzik and Christoph Slaby and H{\aa}kan Smith and W. Spiess and Spong, {D. A.} and Anett Spring and Rolf Stadler and Brian Standley and Laurie Stephey and Matthew Stoneking and Uwe Stridde and Z. Sulek and C. Surko and Y. Suzuki and V. Szab{\'o} and T. Szabolics and Z. Sz{\"o}kefalvi-Nagy and Naoyuki Tamura and A. Terra and J.L. Terry and Thomas, {J. D.} and H. Thomsen and M. Thumm and C.P Thun and D. Timmermann and P. Titus and K. Toi and Travere, {J. M.} and Paolo Traverso and J. Tretter and Hayato Tsuchiya and T. Tsujimura and S. Tulip{\'a}n and M. Turnyanskiy and B. Unterberg and Urban, {Maximilian J.} and E. Urbonavicius and I. Vakulchyk and Swetlana Valet and {Van Millingen}, B. and Luis Vela and Velasco, {Jose Luis} and Maarten Vergote and M. Vervier and N Vianello and Holger Viebke and Reinhard Vilbrandt and A. Vork{\"o}rper and S. Wadle and Friedrich Wagner and Erhui Wang and Nan Wang and Felix Warmer and Lutz Wegener and J. Weggen and Y. Wei and J{\"o}rg Wendorf and Andreas Werner and Burkhard Wiegel and Fabian Wilde and E. Winkler and Victoria Winters and Wolf, {N. S.} and J. Wolowski and {von Wright}, A. and Pavlos Xanthopoulos and Hirofumi Yamada and Ichihiro Yamada and Ryo Yasuhara and Masayuki Yokoyama and J. Zajac and MC Zarnstorff and Zeitler, {J. Axel} and H. Zhang and Jun Zhu and Manfred Zilker and Andreas Zimbal and Alessandro Zocco and S. Zoletnik and M. Zuin",
year = "2017",
month = "7",
day = "27",
doi = "10.1088/1741-4326/aa770d",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "1--13",
journal = "Nuclear Fusion",
issn = "0029-5515",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "10",

}

RIS - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Major results from the first plasma campaign of the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator

AU - Wolf, R.C.

AU - Ali, Anwaar

AU - Alonso, A.

AU - Baldzuhn, Jürgen

AU - Beidler, Craig

AU - Beurskens, M.

AU - Biedermann, C.

AU - Bosch, H. S.

AU - Bozhenkov, S.

AU - Brakel, Rudolf

AU - Dinklage, Andreas

AU - Feng, Yue

AU - Fuchert, G

AU - Geiger, J.

AU - Grulke, Olaf

AU - Helander, P.

AU - Hirsch, M.

AU - Höfel, Udo

AU - Jakubowski, M.

AU - Knauer, Jens

AU - Kocsis, G

AU - König, R.

AU - Kornejew, Petra

AU - Kràmer-Flecken, A.

AU - Krychowiak, M.

AU - Landreman, Matt

AU - Langenberg, Andreas

AU - Laqua, H.P.

AU - Lazerson, S.

AU - Maaßberg, H.

AU - Marsen, S.

AU - Marushchenko, M.

AU - Moseev, D

AU - Niemann, Holger

AU - Pablant, Novimir

AU - Pasch, Ekkehard

AU - Rahbarnia, Kian

AU - Schlisio, G.

AU - Stange, Torsten

AU - Sunn Pedersen, T.

AU - Svensson, J.

AU - Szepesi, T

AU - Trimino Mora, H.

AU - Turkin, Yuriy

AU - Wauters, T

AU - Weir, Gavin

AU - Wenzel, U.

AU - Windisch, Thomas

AU - Wurden, G.

AU - Zhang, D.

AU - Abramovic, Ivana

AU - Äkàslompolo, S.

AU - Aleynikov, P.

AU - Aleynikova, Ksenia

AU - Alzbutas, R.

AU - Anda, G.

AU - Andreeva, T.

AU - Ascasibar, Enrique

AU - Assmann, J.

AU - Baek, S. G.

AU - Banduch, Martin

AU - Barbui, Tullio

AU - Barlak, M.

AU - Baumann, Kristin

AU - Behr, W.

AU - Benndorf, Andree

AU - Bertuch, O.

AU - Biel, Wolfgang

AU - Birus, Dietrich

AU - Blackwell, Boyd

AU - Blanco, E.

AU - Blatzheim, Marko

AU - Bluhm, Torsten

AU - Böckenhoff, Daniel

AU - Bolgert, Peter

AU - Borchardt, Matthias

AU - Borsuk, V.

AU - Boscary, J.

AU - Böttger, Lukas Georg

AU - van den Brand, H

AU - Brandt, Ch

AU - Bràuer, T.

AU - Braune, H.

AU - Brezinsek, S

AU - Brunner, K. J.

AU - Brünner, B.

AU - Burhenn, R.

AU - Buttenschön, Birger

AU - Bykov, Victor

AU - Calvo, Ivan

AU - Cannas, B.

AU - Cappa, Alvaro

AU - Carls, Andre

AU - Carraro, L.

AU - Carvalho, B. B.

AU - Castejon, Francisco

AU - Charl, A.

AU - Chernyshev, F.

AU - Cianciosa, Mark

AU - Citarella, R.

AU - Ciupiński,

AU - Claps, G.

AU - Cole, Elizabeth M.

AU - Cole, M. J.

AU - Cordella, F.

AU - Cseh, G

AU - Czarnecka, A

AU - Czermak, A.

AU - Czerski, K.

AU - Czerwinski, M.

AU - Czymek, G.

AU - Da Molin, A.

AU - Da Silva, A.

AU - Dammertz, G.

AU - Danielson, J.

AU - De La Pena, Angel

AU - Degenkolbe, Sven

AU - Denner, P

AU - Dhard, D. P.

AU - Dostal, Marion

AU - Drevlak, Michael

AU - Drewelow, P.

AU - Drews, Ph

AU - Dudek, Andrzej

AU - Dundulis, G.

AU - Durodie, F.

AU - Von Eeten, Paul

AU - Effenberg, Florian

AU - Ehrke, G.

AU - Endler, M

AU - Ennis, D.

AU - Erckmann, E.

AU - Esteban, H.

AU - Estrada, T.

AU - Fahrenkamp, Nils

AU - Feist, J. H.

AU - Fellinger, Joris

AU - Fernandes, H.

AU - Fietz, W. H.

AU - Figacz, Waldemar

AU - Fontdecaba, J.

AU - Ford, O

AU - Fornal, Tomasz

AU - Frerichs, H.

AU - Freund, A.

AU - Führer, M.

AU - Funaba, T.

AU - Galkowski, A.

AU - Gantenbein, G.

AU - Gao, Y.

AU - García Regaña, J.

AU - Garcia-Munoz, M

AU - Gates, D.

AU - Gawlik, G.

AU - Geiger, B.

AU - Giannella, V.

AU - Gierse, N.

AU - Gogoleva, Alena

AU - Reinaldo Goncalves, Bruno

AU - Goriaev, A.

AU - Gradic, Dorothea

AU - Grahl, Michael

AU - Green, J.

AU - Grosman, A.

AU - Grote, Heinz

AU - Gruca, M.

AU - Guerard, Carlos

AU - Haiduk, L.

AU - Han, X.

AU - Harberts, F.

AU - Harris, J. H.

AU - Hartfuß, H.-J.

AU - Hartmann, D.

AU - Hathiramani, Dag

AU - Hein, Bernd

AU - Heinemann, B

AU - Heitzenroeder, P.

AU - Henneberg, Sophia

AU - Hennig, C.

AU - Hernandez Sanchez, J.

AU - Hidalgo, C.

AU - Hölbe, Hauke

AU - Hollfeld, K. P.

AU - Hölting, Alf

AU - Höschen, D.

AU - Houry, Michael

AU - Howard, J.

AU - Huang, X.

AU - Huber, M.

AU - Huber, Valentina

AU - Hunger, H.

AU - Ida, K.

AU - Ilkei, T

AU - Illy, S.

AU - Israeli, Ben

AU - Ivanov, A.

AU - Jablonski, Slowomir

AU - Jagielski, J.

AU - Jelonnek, J.

AU - Jenzsch, Hartmut

AU - Junghans, P.

AU - Kacmarczyk, J.

AU - Kaliatka, T.

AU - Kallmeyer, Johann Peter

AU - Kamionka, Ute

AU - Karalevicius, R.

AU - Kasahara, Hiroshi

AU - Kasparek, W.

AU - Kenmochi, Naoki

AU - Keunecke, M.

AU - Khilchenko, A.

AU - Kinna, D. J.

AU - Kleiber, Ralf

AU - Klinger, T.

AU - Knaup, M.

AU - Kobarg, Th

AU - Köchl, F.

AU - Kolesnichenko, Yaroslav

AU - Könies, Axel

AU - Köppen, M.

AU - Koshurinov, J.

AU - Koslowski, R

AU - Köster, Friedemann

AU - Koziol, R.

AU - Kràmer, M.

AU - Krampitz, Rüdiger

AU - Kraszewsk, P.

AU - Krawczyk, N.

AU - Kremeyer, Thierry

AU - Krings, Th

AU - Krom, JG

AU - Krzesinski, G.

AU - Ksiazek, I.

AU - Kubkowska, M.

AU - Kühner, Georg

AU - Kurki-Suonio, T.

AU - Kwak, Sehyun

AU - Lang, Karl R.

AU - Langish, S.

AU - Laqua, H.

AU - Laube, Ralph

AU - Lechte, C.

AU - Lennartz, M.

AU - Leonhardt, W.

AU - Lewerentz, L.

AU - Liang, Y.

AU - Linsmeier, Ch.

AU - Liu, S.

AU - Lobsien, Jim Felix

AU - Loesser, D.

AU - Loizu Cisquella, J.

AU - Lore, J. D.

AU - Lorenz, A.

AU - Losert, M.

AU - Lubyako, L.

AU - Lücke, A.

AU - Lumsdaine, A.

AU - Lutsenko, VN

AU - Majano-Brown, J.

AU - Marchuk, O.

AU - Mardenfeld, M.

AU - Marek, P.

AU - Massidda, S.

AU - Masuzaki, S.

AU - Maurer, D.

AU - McCarthy, Kieran

AU - McNeely, Paul

AU - Meier, A.

AU - Mellein, D.

AU - Mendelevitch, B.

AU - Mertens, Ph.

AU - Mikkelsen, DR

AU - Mishchenko, O.

AU - Missal, Bernd

AU - Mittelstaedt, Joseph

AU - Mizuuchi, T.

AU - Mollen, Albert

AU - Moncada, Victor

AU - Mönnich, Thomas

AU - Morizaki, T.

AU - Munk, R.

AU - Murakami, S.

AU - Musielok, F.

AU - Náfrádi, G.

AU - Nagel, Mathias

AU - Naujoks, Dirk

AU - Neilson, G. Hutch

AU - Neubauer, O.

AU - Neuner, U.

AU - Ngo, Tran Tranh

AU - Nocentini, R.

AU - Nührenberg, Carolin

AU - Nührenberg, Jürgen

AU - Obermayer, S.

AU - Offermanns, G.

AU - Ogawa, K.

AU - Ongena, J.

AU - Oosterbeek, J. W.

AU - Orozco, G.

AU - Otte, M.

AU - Pacios Rodriguez, L.

AU - Pan, Wei

AU - Panadero, Nerea

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PY - 2017/7/27

Y1 - 2017/7/27

N2 - After completing the main construction phase of Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) and successfully commissioning the device, first plasma operation started at the end of 2015. Integral commissioning of plasma start-up and operation using electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) and an extensive set of plasma diagnostics have been completed, allowing initial physics studies during the first operational campaign. Both in helium and hydrogen, plasma breakdown was easily achieved. Gaining experience with plasma vessel conditioning, discharge lengths could be extended gradually. Eventually, discharges lasted up to 6 s, reaching an injected energy of 4 MJ, which is twice the limit originally agreed for the limiter configuration employed during the first operational campaign. At power levels of 4 MW central electron densities reached 3 1019 m-3, central electron temperatures reached values of 7 keV and ion temperatures reached just above 2 keV. Important physics studies during this first operational phase include a first assessment of power balance and energy confinement, ECRH power deposition experiments, 2nd harmonic O-mode ECRH using multi-pass absorption, and current drive experiments using electron cyclotron current drive. As in many plasma discharges the electron temperature exceeds the ion temperature significantly, these plasmas are governed by core electron root confinement showing a strong positive electric field in the plasma centre.

AB - After completing the main construction phase of Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) and successfully commissioning the device, first plasma operation started at the end of 2015. Integral commissioning of plasma start-up and operation using electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) and an extensive set of plasma diagnostics have been completed, allowing initial physics studies during the first operational campaign. Both in helium and hydrogen, plasma breakdown was easily achieved. Gaining experience with plasma vessel conditioning, discharge lengths could be extended gradually. Eventually, discharges lasted up to 6 s, reaching an injected energy of 4 MJ, which is twice the limit originally agreed for the limiter configuration employed during the first operational campaign. At power levels of 4 MW central electron densities reached 3 1019 m-3, central electron temperatures reached values of 7 keV and ion temperatures reached just above 2 keV. Important physics studies during this first operational phase include a first assessment of power balance and energy confinement, ECRH power deposition experiments, 2nd harmonic O-mode ECRH using multi-pass absorption, and current drive experiments using electron cyclotron current drive. As in many plasma discharges the electron temperature exceeds the ion temperature significantly, these plasmas are governed by core electron root confinement showing a strong positive electric field in the plasma centre.

KW - current drive

KW - magnetic confinement

KW - plasma heating

KW - stellarator

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85028464686&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1741-4326/aa770d

DO - 10.1088/1741-4326/aa770d

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85028464686

VL - 57

SP - 1

EP - 13

JO - Nuclear Fusion

JF - Nuclear Fusion

SN - 0029-5515

IS - 10

M1 - 102020

ER -

ID: 15104237