Magnetic field modeling with surface currents. Part II. Implementation and usage of bfieldtools

Rasmus Zetter*, Antti J. Mäkinen, Joonas Iivanainen, Koos C.J. Zevenhoven, Risto J. Ilmoniemi, Lauri Parkkonen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
185 Downloads (Pure)


We present a novel open-source Python software package, bfieldtools, for magneto-quasistatic calculations using current densities on surfaces of arbitrary shape. The core functionality of the software relies on a stream-function representation of surface-current density and its discretization on a triangle mesh. Although this stream-function technique is well known in certain fields, to date, the related software implementations have not been published or have been limited to specific applications. With bfieldtools, we aimed to produce a general, easy-to-use, and well-documented open-source software. The software package is written purely in Python; instead of explicitly using lower-level languages, we address computational bottlenecks through extensive vectorization and use of the NumPy library. The package enables easy deployment, rapid code development, and facilitates application of the software to practical problems. In this paper, we describe the software package and give an extensive demonstration of its use with an emphasis on one of its main applications-coil design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number063905
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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