MAG Welding tests of modern high strength steels with minimum yield strength of 700 MPa

Teemu Lahtinen, Pedro Vilaça*, Pasi Peura, Saara Mehtonen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)
254 Downloads (Pure)


The modern high strength steel plates have an excellent combination of strength and toughness based on micro-alloying and complex microstructure. Retaining this combination of properties in the weld zone is a major challenge for applications in high-demanding structural construction. This work investigates the weldability of three different modern high strength steel plates, with a thickness of 8 mm. Two of the test materials were produced by a thermo-mechanically controlled process (TMCP) and one by a quenching and tempering method (Q&T). Two-passesMAG (metal active gas) welding was used with four different heat inputs. The tests implemented on all the materials included tensile, hardness profiles (HV5), Charpy-V impact toughness tests, andmicrostructure analysis using scanning electron microscope (SEM). For one of the TMCP steels, some extended tests were conducted to define how the tensile properties change along the weld line. These tests included tensile tests with digital image correlation (DIC), and 3-point bending tests. The most notable differences in mechanical properties of the welds between thematerials were observed in Charpy-V impact toughness tests, mostly at the vicinity of the fusion line, with the Q&T steel more prone to embrittlement of the heat affected zone (HAZ) than the TMCP steels. Microstructural analysis revealed carbide concentration combinedwith coarse bainitic structures inHAZ ofQ&T steel, explaining themore severe embrittlement. During the tensile tests, the DIC measurements have shown a strain localization in the softest region of the HAZ. Increasing the heat input resulted in earlier localization of the strain and less maximum strength. The tensile properties along the weld line were investigated in all welding conditions, and the results emphasize relevant and systematic differences of the yield strength at the transient zones near the start and end of the weld compared with the intermediate stationary domain.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1031
Number of pages18
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Bending
  • Charpy-V
  • Digital image correlation
  • Hardness
  • High strength steel
  • Metal active gas welding process
  • Microstructure
  • Quenched and tempered
  • Tensile
  • Thermo-mechanically controlled process
  • Weldability
  • microstructure
  • quenched and tempered
  • high strength steel
  • tensile
  • metal active gas welding process
  • digital image correlation
  • weldability
  • bending
  • hardness
  • thermo-mechanically controlled process


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