Low-temperature characterization of Nb-Cu-Nb weak links with Ar ion-cleaned interfaces

Robab Najafi Jabdaraghi, Joonas Peltonen, Olli-Pentti Saira, Jukka Pekola

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Abstract

We characterize niobium-based lateral Superconductor (S)-Normal metal (N)-Superconductor (SNS) weak links through low-temperature switching current measurements and tunnel spectroscopy. We fabricate the SNS devices in two separate lithography and deposition steps, combined with strong argon ion cleaning before the normal metal deposition in the last step. Our SNS weak link consists of high-quality sputtered Nb electrodes that have contacted with evaporated Cu. The two-step fabrication flow enables more flexibility in the choice of materials and pattern design. A comparison of the temperature-dependent equilibrium critical supercurrent with theoretical predictions indicates that the quality of the Nb-Cu interface is similar to that of evaporated Al-Cu weak links. We further demonstrate a hybrid magnetic flux sensor based on an Nb-Cu-Nb SNS junction, where the phase-dependent normal metal density of states is probed with an Al tunnel junction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number042604
Pages (from-to)1-5
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume108
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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