Low-energy Se ion implantation in MoS2 monolayers

Minh N. Bui*, Stefan Rost, Manuel Auge, Jhih Sian Tu, Lanqing Zhou, Irene Aguilera, Stefan Blügel, Mahdi Ghorbani-Asl, Arkady V. Krasheninnikov, Arsalan Hashemi, Hannu Pekka Komsa, Lei Jin, Lidia Kibkalo, Eoghan N. O’Connell, Quentin M. Ramasse, Ursel Bangert, Hans C. Hofsäss, Detlev Grützmacher, Beata E. Kardynal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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In this work, we study ultra-low energy implantation into MoS2 monolayers to evaluate the potential of the technique in two-dimensional materials technology. We use 80Se+ ions at the energy of 20 eV and with fluences up to 5.0·1014 cm−2. Raman spectra of the implanted films show that the implanted ions are predominantly incorporated at the sulfur sites and MoS2−2xSe2x alloys are formed, indicating high ion retention rates, in agreement with the predictions of molecular dynamics simulations of Se ion irradiation on MoS2 monolayers. We found that the ion retention rate is improved when implantation is performed at an elevated temperature of the target monolayers. Photoluminescence spectra reveal the presence of defects, which are mostly removed by post-implantation annealing at 200 °C, suggesting that, in addition to the Se atoms in the substitutional positions, weakly bound Se adatoms are the most common defects introduced by implantation at this ion energy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number42
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
Journalnpj 2D Materials and Applications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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