LoLa4SOR: Leveraging Successive Transmissions for Low-Latency Buffer-Aided Opportunistic Relay Networks

Nikolaos Nomikos, Themistoklis Charalambous*, Nikolaos Pappas, Demosthenes Vouyioukas, Risto Wichman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)


Buffer-aided (BA) relaying improves the diversity of cooperative networks often at the cost of increasing end-to-end packet delays. This characteristic renders BA relaying unsuitable for delay-sensitive applications. However, the increased diversity makes BA relaying appealing for ultra-reliable communications. Towards enabling ultra-reliable low-latency communication (URLLC), we aim at enhancing BA relaying for supporting delay-sensitive applications. In this paper, reliable full-duplex (FD) network operation is targeted and for this purpose, hybrid relay selection algorithms are formulated, combining BA successive relaying (SuR) and delay-and diversity-aware (DDA) half-duplex (HD) algorithms. In this context, a hybrid FD DDA algorithm is presented, namely LoLa4SOR, switching between SuR and HD operation. Additionally, a low-complexity distributed version is given, namely d-LoLa4SOR, providing a trade-off among channel state information requirements and performance. The theoretical analysis shows that the diversity of LoLa4SOR equals to two times the number of available relays K, i.e. 2K, when the buffer size L is greater than or equal to 3. Comparisons with other HD, SuR and hybrid algorithms reveal that LoLa4SOR offers superior outage and throughput performance while, the average delay is reduced due to SuR-based FD operation and the consideration of buffer state information for relay-pair selection. d-LoLa4SOR, as one of the few distributed algorithms in the literature, has a reasonable performance that makes it a more practical approach.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9420712
Pages (from-to)1041-1054
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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