Location of cellulose and callose in pollen tubes and grains of Nicotiana tabacum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Researchers

  • C Ferguson
  • TT Teeri
  • M Siika-aho
  • SM Read
  • A Bacic

Research units

  • European Mol Biol Lab, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL)
  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
  • KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  • University of Melbourne

Abstract

The distribution of cellulose and callose in the walls of pollen tubes and grains of Nicotiana tabacum L. was examined by electron microscopy using gold-labelled cellobiohydrolase for cellulose and a (1,3)-beta-D-glucan-specific monoclonal antibody for callose. These probes provided the first direct evidence that cellulose co-locates with callose in the inner, electron-lucent layer of the pollen-tube wall, while both polymers are absent from the outer, fibrillar layer. Neither cellulose nor callose are present in the wall at the pollen-tube tip or in cytoplasmic vesicles. Cellulose is first detected approximately 5-15 mu m behind the growing tube tip, just before a visible inner wall layer commences, whereas callose is first observed in the inner wall layer approximately 30 mu m behind the tip. Callose was present throughout transverse plugs, whereas cellulose was most abundant towards the outer regions of these plugs. This same distribution of cellulose and callose was also observed in pollen-tube walls of N. alata Link et Otto, Brassica campestris L. and Lilium longiflorum um Thunb. In pollen grains of N. tabacum, cellulose is present in the intine layer of the wall throughout germination, but no callose is present. Callose appears in grains by 4 h after germination, increasing in amount over at least the first 18 h, and is located at the interface between the intine and the plasma membrane. This differential distribution of cellulose and callose in both pollen tubes and grains has implications for the nature of the beta-glucan biosynthetic machinery.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-460
Number of pages9
JournalPLANTA
Volume206
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1998
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • callose, cellobiohydrolase, cellulose, Nicotiana (pollen tube), pollen grain, pollen tube, TRICHODERMA-REESEI, CELL-WALLS, CELLOBIOHYDROLASE-I, ALATA LINK, IMMUNOGOLD LOCALIZATION, CRYSTALLINE CELLULOSE, MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODY, FLOWERING PLANTS, GROWTH, OTTO

ID: 2068572