Volumetric time-domain simulation methods, such as the finite difference time domain method, allow for a fine-grained representation of the dynamics of the acoustic field. A key feature of such methods is complete access to the computed field, normally represented over a Cartesian grid. Simple solutions to the problem of extracting spatially encoded signals, necessary in virtual acoustics applications, result. In this letter, a simple time-domain representation of spatially encoded spherical harmonic signals is written directly in terms of spatial derivatives of the acoustic field at the receiver location. In a discrete setting, encoded signals may be obtained, at very low computational cost and latency, using local approximations with minimal number of grid points, and avoiding large convolutions and frequency-domain block processing of previous approaches. Numerical results illustrating receiver directivity and computed time-domain responses are presented, as well as numerical solution drift associated with repeated time integration.
- Finite difference time domain (FDTD)
- microphone array
- room acoustics
- spatial audio
- spherical harmonics