Local 5G services on campus premises: scenarios for a make 5G or buy 5G decision

Venkatesh Kulkarni, Jaspreet Walia*, Heikki Hämmäinen, Seppo Yrjölä, Marja Matinmikko-Blue, Risto Jurva

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
60 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to build possible future scenarios for indoor connectivity in a venue such as a university campus and build alternative value network configurations (VNCs) defining different local network deployment options, focused on the Finnish telecom market.

Design/methodology/approach: In this paper, Schoemaker’s scenario planning method (Schoemaker, 1995) is used to construct future scenarios and the VNC method of Casey et al. (2010) is used to build alternative VNCs. The paper studies the Aalto University campus network for current end-user data usage demand and the existing technology used in meeting the end-user needs and forecasts the demand for the next five years to understand the need for 5G.

Findings: This research concludes that with the provision of local spectrum licenses, there is an opportunity for venue owners to take the role of 5G local operator on the venue premises. Furthermore, it enables venue owners to collaborate with the incumbent mobile network operators (MNOs) in a neutral host model and provide venue-specific connectivity services.

Research limitations/implications: A detailed economic assessment for the network deployment in the campus is considered for future study.

Originality/value: Considering the provision for local spectrum licenses, this paper has taken a unique attempt in identifying the future scenarios for local 5G network operations. It provides a strategic direction for the venue owners in adopting 5G technology and whether to make 5G or buy 5G from MNOs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-354
Number of pages18
JournalDigital Policy, Regulation and Governance
Issue number4
Early online date3 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • 5G
  • 5G local operator
  • Local spectrum license
  • Scenario planning
  • University campus
  • Value network configurations


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