Living lab A new form of business network

Anna Greta Nyström*, Seppo Leminen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The paper discusses different types of Living Labs from a business network perspective. Firstly, we describe both theoretically and empirically how Living Labs can be explained as business networks. Secondly, we discuss four different types of Living Labs networks, namely utilizer-driven, enabler-driven, provider-driven, as well as user and user community-driven Living Labs. Moreover, we analyzed the underlying value-creation logic of each above mentioned Living Lab network. The paper is based on a qualitative research approach, in which a total of 40 semi-structured interviews were conducted with representatives of Living Labs in Finland, Sweden, and Spain and another 27 interviews with respondents representing ICT companies. Our main point is that collaboration in a Living Lab network can be described from a business network perspective. A Living Lab is built on relationships between actors, created and maintained by actors in participating in a Living Lab. Without these ties, a Living Lab could not function or create value.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2011 17th International Conference on Concurrent Enterprising, ICE 2011 - Conference Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Concurrent Enterprising - Aachen, Germany
Duration: 20 Jun 201122 Jun 2011
Conference number: 17


ConferenceInternational Conference on Concurrent Enterprising
Abbreviated titleICE


  • business network
  • enabler-driven Living Lab
  • Living Lab
  • provider-driven Living Lab
  • user and user community-driven Living Lab
  • utilizer-driven Living Lab


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