Lithium Recovery by Leaching and Precipitation from Lithium Accumulator Wastes

Antti Porvali, Bing Han, Emmi Eronen, Miamari Aaltonen, Mari Lundström, Marjatta Louhi-Kultanen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientific


Lithium is one of the key elements whose recovery is becoming more crucial and actual in urban mining. The present work introduces the obtained results when the hydrochloric acid leaching solutions were investigated with the aim to recover lithium present in the battery waste. Li-ion battery waste was leached in HCl solution under oxygen purging. The main impurities present in the solution were iron, nickel, cobalt, manganese, aluminum and copper. The solution pH and temperature have the key roles for the leaching efficiency when lithium yield should be maximized and impurity residues in leaching liquor minimized. To recover lithium the precipitation of lithium carbonate was investigated. The obtained crystal size distributions and crystal shapes are presented.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication24th International Workshop on Industrial Crystallization BIWIC 2017
EditorsKerstin Wohlgemuth
Place of PublicationMunchen
Number of pages195
Publication statusPublished - 29 Sep 2017
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
EventInternational Workshop on Industrial Crystallization - Dortmund, Germany
Duration: 29 Aug 201731 Aug 2017
Conference number: 24


WorkshopInternational Workshop on Industrial Crystallization
Abbreviated titleBIWIC 2017


  • Lithium ion battery
  • precipitation
  • recovery

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