Lignocellulosic biomass from agricultural waste to the circular economy: a review with focus on biofuels, biocomposites and bioplastics

Muhammad Mujtaba*, Leonardo Fernandes Fraceto*, Mahyar Fazeli, Sritama Mukherjee, Susilaine Maira Savassa, Gerson Araujo de Medeiros, Anderson do Espírito Santo Pereira, Sandro Donnini Mancini, Juha Lipponen, Francisco Vilaplana*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

167 Citations (Scopus)
648 Downloads (Pure)


Industries are working to minimize their reliance on petrochemicals and petroleum-based industrial components and replace them with biobased, sustainable, and environmentally friendly alternatives due to the global warming emergency caused by the uncontrolled production of greenhouse gases. The agricultural waste provides large volumes of lignocellulosic biomass, a sustainable resource material to develop a wide portfolio of bioproducts. Recent developments in integrated biorefineries have enhanced the utilization of waste lignocellulose components to generate biofuels, platform chemicals, resins, bioplastics, additives, and other biobased materials for a variety of applications. Here in this review, we have summarized recent advancements in the processing of lignocellulosic biomass from agricultural waste. Additionally, this review thoroughly discussed the recent technological advancements in the utilization of various lignocellulose biomass constituents for biofuels, biocomposites, and bioplastics. Finally, an assessment of the currently existing literature gaps and prospective future perspectives for the development of lignocellulosic biomass from agricultural waste has been conducted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136815
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Early online date21 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2023
MoE publication typeA2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review


  • Biofuels
  • Bioplastics
  • Biorefineries
  • Sustainability


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