Lignin-based multiwall carbon nanotubes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • Wolfgang Gindl-Altmutter
  • Janea Köhnke
  • Christoph Unterweger
  • Notburga Gierlinger
  • Jozef Keckes
  • Jakub Zalesak
  • Orlando Rojas Gaona

Research units

  • University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna
  • Kompetenzzentrum Holz GmbH
  • Montanuniversität Leoben


Carbon particles were produced by carbonization of perfectly spherical, sub-micron beads obtained from Kraft lignin. While the bulk of the particles consisted of carbon with only moderate structural order, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy revealed the presence of highly ordered multilayered carbon structures adhering to the surface of the carbon spheres. Besides irregularly shaped multiwall carbon, well-defined multiwall carbon nanotubes were identified. Energy dispersive x-ray analysis hints at a catalytic action of metallic impurities present in lignin in the synthesis of these lignin-based carbon nanostructures. Lignin-based multiwall carbon nanotubes are considered of high interest with regard to providing bio-based alternatives for fossil-based high-performance materials.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-179
Number of pages5
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • A. Carbon nanotubes and nanofibers, Lignin

ID: 32964697