Lee-Yang theory of criticality in interacting quantum many-body systems

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Abstract

Quantum phase transitions are a ubiquitous many-body phenomenon that occurs in a wide range of physical systems, including superconductors, quantum spin liquids, and topological materials. However, investigations of quantum critical systems also represent one of the most challenging problems in physics, since highly correlated many-body systems rarely allow for an analytic and tractable description. Here, we present a Lee-Yang theory of quantum phase transitions including a method to determine quantum critical points which readily can be implemented within the tensor network formalism and even in realistic experimental setups. We apply our method to a quantum Ising chain and the anisotropic quantum Heisenberg model and show how the critical behavior can be predicted by calculating or measuring the high cumulants of properly defined operators. Our approach provides a powerful formalism to analyze quantum phase transitions using tensor networks, and it paves the way for systematic investigations of quantum criticality in two-dimensional systems.
Original languageEnglish
Article number033206
Number of pages6
JournalPHYSICAL REVIEW RESEARCH
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sep 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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