Laser-Assisted Robotic Roller Forming of Ultrahigh-Strength Steel QP1180 with High Precision

Junying Min, Jincheng Wang, Junhe Lian, Yi Liu*, Zeran Hou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
44 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Laser-assisted forming provides a perfect solution that overcomes the formability of low-ductility materials. In this study, laser-assisted robotic roller forming (LRRF) was applied to bend ultrahigh-strength steel sheet (a quenching and partitioning steel with a strength grade of 1180 MPa), and the effects of laser power density on the bending forces, springback, and bending radius of the final parts were investigated. The results show that LRRF is capable of reducing bending forces by 43%, and a compact profile with high precision (i.e., a springback angle smaller than 1° and a radius-to-thickness ratio of ~1.2) was finally achieved at a laser power density of 10 J/mm2. A higher forming temperature, at which a significant decrease in strength is observed, is responsible for the decrease of forming forces with a laser power density of higher than 7.5 J/mm2; another reason could be the heating-to-austenitization temperature and subsequent forming at a temperature above martensitic-transformation temperature. Forming takes place at a higher temperature with lower stresses, and unloading occurs at a relatively lower temperature with the recovery of Young’s modulus; both facilitate the reduction of springback angles. In addition, the sharp bending radius is considered to be attributed to localized deformation and large plastic strains at the heating area.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1026
Number of pages13
JournalMaterials
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • laser-assisted forming
  • sharp bending radius
  • springback
  • thermo-mechanical model
  • ultrahigh-strength steels

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