Large-Diameter Carbon Nanotube Transparent Conductor Overcoming Performance–Yield Tradeoff

Qiang Zhang*, Jeong Seok Nam, Jiye Han, Sukanta Datta, Nan Wei, Er Xiong Ding, Aqeel Hussain, Saeed Ahmad, Viera Skakalova, Abu Taher Khan, Yong Ping Liao, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Bo Peng, Kimmo Mustonen, Dawoon Kim, In Chung, Shigeo Maruyama, Hua Jiang, Il Jeon, Esko I. Kauppinen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)
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The floating catalyst chemical vapor deposition (FCCVD) method for producing single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) has demonstrated great potential in transparent conductive film (TCF) application. In FCCVD, reducing the concentration of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is a well-agreed method of improving the conductivity of SWNT TCF, achieved by producing thinner and longer CNT bundles. However, this method decreases the yield dramatically, which has persisted throughout the TCF development. Here, the production of large-diameter double-walled CNT (DWNT) TCFs via FCCVD is reported, which overcomes the tradeoff between performance and yield. These TCFs of DWNTs with an average diameter of approximate to 4 nm have a low sheet resistance of 35 omega sq(-1) at 90% transmittance. The conductivity here aligns with the best-performing SWNT TCFs reported to date, showing a production yield greater than two orders of magnitude. The main factor contributing to the high performance and yield is considered to be the large tube diameter, which greatly improves the yield threshold of CNT bundling and leads to long tube length and unique junctions broadening. Moreover, the application of DWNT TCFs in perovskite solar cells exhibits a power conversion efficiency of 17.4%, which has not been reported yet in indium-free CNT-based solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2103397
Number of pages11
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number11
Early online date23 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • carbon nanotubes
  • large diameter
  • performance-yield tradeoff
  • perovskite solar cells
  • transparent conductive films


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