We investigate the dynamics of polymer translocation through a nanopore using two-dimensional Langevin dynamics simulations. In the absence of an external driving force, we consider a polymer which is initially placed in the middle of the pore and study the escape time τe required for the polymer to completely exit the pore on either side. The distribution of the escape times is wide and has a long tail. We find that τe scales with the chain length N as τe∼N1+2ν, where ν is the Flory exponent. For driven translocation, we concentrate on the influence of the friction coefficient ξ, the driving force E, and the length of the chain N on the translocation time τ, which is defined as the time duration between the first monomer entering the pore and the last monomer leaving the pore. For strong driving forces, the distribution of translocation times is symmetric and narrow without a long tail and τ∼E−1. The influence of ξ depends on the ratio between the driving and frictional forces. For intermediate ξ, we find a crossover scaling for τ with N from τ∼N2ν for relatively short chains to τ∼N1+ν for longer chains. However, for higher ξ, only τ∼N1+ν is observed even for short chains, and there is no crossover behavior. This result can be explained by the fact that increasing ξ increases the Rouse relaxation time of the chain, in which case even relatively short chains have no time to relax during translocation. Our results are in good agreement with previous simulations based on the fluctuating bond lattice model of polymers at intermediate friction values, but reveal additional features of dependency on friction.
- Polymer translocation