Laminin isoform profiles in salivary glands in Sjögren's syndrome

Pauliina Porola, Zygmunt Mackiewicz, Mikael Laine, Gonçalo Baretto, Vasily Stegaev, Yuya Takakubo, Michiaki Takagi, Mari Ainola, Yrjö T. Konttinen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Five different laminin (LM) α, four LM-β, and three LM-γ chains form the 15-16 currently known ~400-900kDa heterodimeric LM-monomers, which self-assemble in the lamina lucida of the basement membrane (BM) to a network, connected with nidogens and perlecans with the underlying type IV collagen network. In labial salivary glands (LSG), the structurally organizing/polarizing BM separates the tubuloacinar epithelium from the connective tissue stroma but plays regulatory roles as well. Tissue distribution of LM-α,-β, and-γ chains is described, and application of the known combinatorial rules allows some conclusions also on the corresponding distribution of the LM-trimers. Currently, known integrin (Int) and non integrin (e.g., dystroglycans and Lutheran blood group antigens) LM-receptors are described. LMs are regulated at transcriptional, translational, and posttranslational levels, together with the regulation of alternative splicing, binding partners (assembly), secretion, and degradation. In LSGs, LM-α1,-α2, and-α4 are only found in the acinar (not ductal) BM, LM-α4 also in the periductal/interstitial stroma. Pattern recognition disclosed irregular expression in the acinar BM, suggesting some dynamic and/or regulatory role. It seems that in a female-dominant autoimmune exocrinopathy, Sjögren's syndrome (SS), LM-α1 and-α2 are decreased, together with their Int α1β1 and α2β1 receptors. Because LM-111/211-to-Int-α1β1/α2β1 interactions play a crucial role in the transdifferentiation of the intercalated duct progenitors to secretory acinar cells, acinar remodeling is impaired in SS. Disturbed hemidesmosomal Int α6β4/LM-332 interactions in SS may lead to acinar cell anoikis. Interestingly, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) prohormone and its intracrine androgenic dihydrotestosterone (DHT) end product upregulate at least Int α1β1/α2β1, whereas LM-α1 is upregulated by outside-in LM-111/211-to-Int-α1β1/α2β1 signaling. It seems that LM alterations precede the lymphocyte infiltration, suggesting that acinar BM-Int pathology, perhaps related to endo- and intracrine sex steroid metabolism, represents an early pathogenic phases in SS.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Clinical Chemistry
PublisherKluwer Academic/Human Sciences Press Inc.
Pages35-59
Number of pages25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA3 Book section, Chapters in research books

Publication series

NameAdvances in Clinical Chemistry
Volume55
ISSN (Print)0065-2423

Keywords

  • Basement membrane
  • Integrin
  • Labial salivary glands
  • Laminins
  • Sjögren's syndrome

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