Knitting History Through Reconstruction: The Making and Meaning of Early Modern Stockings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Knitted stockings were one of the most important early modern textile innovations.
Especially fine stockings made of silk were a popular luxury product and one of the key fashion novelties among European elites. The popularity of knitted stockings is seen in the fact that already at the end of the fifteenth century, there were thousands of professional knitters in Europe. Despite the prominence of knitted stockings in this period, there is little surviving documentation about the actual knitted stockings and their early histories of making. What exactly made stockings so luxurious and appealing for early modern men and women? This article combines visual and textual evidence, close reading of surviving objects and scientific analysis with historical reconstruction, in order to gain access in new ways to the visual and material properties of early modern knitted stockings and their material and cultural meanings.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusSubmitted - 15 Oct 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Citizen science methods
  • Renaissance fashion
  • Early modern knitting
  • Historical reconstruction
  • Dress accessories

Field of art

  • Design


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