Kinetic modeling of biomass gasification and tar formation in a fluidized bed gasifier using equivalent reactor network (ERN)

Bijoy Das, Atmadeep Bhattacharya, Amitava Datta*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A chemical kinetic based simulation model of a bubbling fluidized bed biomass gasifier has been developed using an Equivalent Reactor Network (ERN). The pyrolysis zone is modeled using a thermodynamic equilibrium model and a kinetic-controlled perfectly stirred reactor (PSR) placed in succession. The gasification zone and the freeboard are simulated as perfectly stirred reactor (PSR) and plug flow reactor (PFR), respectively. A detailed chemical reaction mechanism is used to describe the chemistry of reaction during devolatilization and gasification stages. The formation and evolution of gaseous and tar species in different zones of the gasifier are estimated and the major reaction paths have been identified. The influence of equivalence ratio (ER) on the gasifier performance and tar species formation has been studied. Out of the three ERs considered (0.27, 0.24 and 0.19), the best performance of the gasifier is exhibited at ER = 0.24 in terms of cold gas efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118582
Number of pages15
JournalFuel
Volume280
Early online date11 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Biomass gasification
  • Equivalent reactor network
  • Kinetic modeling
  • Pyrolysis
  • Tar

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