Joint DOD and DOA Estimation in Slow-Time MIMO Radar via PARAFAC Decomposition

Feng Xu, Sergiy A. Vorobyov*, Xiaopeng Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
71 Downloads (Pure)


We develop a new tensor model for slow-time multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar, and apply it for joint direction-of-departure (DOD), and direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation. This tensor model aims to exploit the independence of phase modulation matrix, and receive array in the received signal for slow-time MIMO radar. Such tensor can be decomposed into two tensors of different ranks, one of which has identical structure to that of the conventional tensor model for MIMO radar, and the other contains all phase modulation values used in the transmit array. We then develop a modification of the alternating least squares algorithm to enable parallel factor decomposition of tensors with extra constants. The Vandermonde structure of the transmit, and receive steering matrices (if both arrays are uniform, and linear) is then utilized to obtain angle estimates from factor matrices. The multi-linear structure of the received signal is maintained to take advantage of tensor-based angle estimation algorithms, while the shortage of samples in Doppler domain for slow-time MIMO radar is mitigated. As a result, the joint DOD, and DOA estimation performance is improved as compared to existing angle estimation techniques for slow-time MIMO radar. Simulation results verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9177271
Pages (from-to)1495-1499
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Signal Processing Letters
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • DOD and DOA estimation
  • factor matrices
  • phase modulation matrix
  • slow-time MIMO radar


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