Jamming transitions induced by an attraction in pedestrian flow

Jaeyoung Kwak, Hang-Hyun Jo, Tapio Luttinen, Iisakki Kosonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
25 Downloads (Pure)


We numerically study jamming transitions in pedestrian flow interacting with an attraction, mostly based on the social force model for pedestrians who can join the attraction. We formulate the joining probability as a function of social influence from others, reflecting that individual choice behavior is likely influenced by others. By controlling pedestrian influx and the social influence parameter, we identify various pedestrian flow patterns. For the bidirectional flow scenario, we observe a transition from the free flow phase to the freezing phase, in which oppositely walking pedestrians reach a complete stop and block each other. On the other hand, a different transition behavior appears in the unidirectional flow scenario, i.e., from the free flow phase to the localized jam phase and then to the extended jam phase. It is also observed that the extended jam phase can end up in freezing phenomena with a certain probability when pedestrian flux is high with strong social influence. This study highlights that attractive interactions between pedestrians and an attraction can trigger jamming transitions by increasing the number of conflicts among pedestrians near the attraction. In order to avoid excessive pedestrian jams, we suggest suppressing the number of conflicts under a certain level by moderating pedestrian influx especially when the social influence is strong.
Original languageEnglish
Article number022319
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • pedestrian
  • attraction


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