Is the H2 economy realizable in the foreseeable future? Part II: H2 storage, transportation, and distribution

Hassan Nazir, Navaneethan Muthuswamy, Cindrella Louis, Sujin Jose, Jyoti Prakash, Marthe E. Buan, Cristina Flox Donoso, Sai Chavan, Xuan Shi, Pertti Kauranen, Tanja Kallio, Gilberto Maia, Kaido Tammeveski, Nikolaos Lymperopoulos, Elena Carcadea, Emre Veziroglu, Alfredo Iranzo*, Arunachala Mada Kannan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The goal of the review series on the H2 economy is to highlight the current status, major issues, and opportunities associated with H2 production, storage, transportation, distribution and usage in various energy sectors. In particular, Part I discussed the various H2 (grey and green) production methods including the futuristic ones such as photoelectrochemical for small, medium, and large-scale applications. Part II of the H2 economy review identifies the developments and challenges in the areas of H2 storage, transportation and distribution with national and international initiatives in the field, all of which suggest a pathway for establishing greener H2 society in the near future. Currently, various methods, comprising physical and chemical routes are being explored with a focus on improving the H2 storage density, capacity, and reducing the cost. H2 transportation methods by road, through pipelines, and via ocean are pursued actively in expanding the market for large scale applications around the world. As of now, compressed H2 and its transportation by road is the most realistic option for the transportation sector.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20693-20708
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume45
Issue number41
Early online date21 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Aug 2020
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

Keywords

  • H2 storage
  • Transportation
  • Diustribution
  • Economy
  • Energy

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