Is Digitization Making Work Precarious? Implications of the Global e-Lancer Economy

Katharina Cepa, Colm McCaffrey, Abdollah Noorizadeh, Mikael Öhman, Piia Töyrylä

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientific


This article explores the phenomenon of e-lancing and its effects on labor relations, migration of work, and the resulting global redistribution of wealth. A comparison of three e-lancing platforms paints a more accurate picture of what e-lancing actually means in terms of work content, organization, and potential challenges. On a national level, e-lancing sparks a discussion about social rights, the mechanisms that drive long-term sustainability of social security contribution and coverage schemes. On a global level, the question of fair wages and quality-of-living standards is taken up anew. Taking the Northern European perspective, we present policy recommendations on how to foster the positive effects of e-lancing, while trying to minimize detrimental effects.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBit Bang 8: Digitalization
EditorsYrjö Neuvo, Erkki Ormala, Meri Kuikka
PublisherAalto University’s Multidisciplinary Institute of Digitalisation and Energy (MIDE)
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-60-1101-1
ISBN (Print)978-952-60-1100-4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016
MoE publication typeB2 Part of a book or another research book


  • e-lancing
  • labor relations
  • social security
  • taxation
  • global fair wage


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