Investigations of nuclear magnetism in silver down to picokelvin temperatures. II

P. J. Hakonen*, S. Yin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


We have studied magnetic ordering in the frustrated antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 system of the natural isotopic mixture of silver nuclei. The dynamic susceptibility of polycrystalline foils was measured down to about 0.5 nK (S>0.4R ln 2) using SQUID-NMR techniques. Saturation and a decrease of the static susceptibility were observed at the lowest temperatures, as well as clear changes in the NMR line shapes, which are associated with spontaneous, first-order antiferromagnetic alignment of silver nuclei. Our results are consistent with the presence of a single 1 - k state producing two antiferromagnetic resonance modes. We obtain Tc=560±60 pK for the transition temperature at B=0, and Bc=100 μT for the critical field extrapolated to T=0. The critical entropy was found to increase from 0.52 R ln 2 in zero field to 0.64 R ln 2 at B=30 μT. Combined with the Clausius-Clapeyron equation, this suggests that the isentropes are non-monotonous as a function of field in the low-temperature paramagnetic region. Above Tc, the Curie-Weiss behavior was observed for the static susceptibility both at T>0 and T

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-65
Number of pages41
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1991
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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