Introduction and recovery of Ga and N sublattice defects in electron-irradiated GaN

Filip Tuomisto, V. Ranki, D.C. Look, G.C. Farlow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)
110 Downloads (Pure)


We have used positron annihilation spectroscopy to study the introduction and recovery of point defects introduced by 0.45 and 2MeV electron irradiation at room temperature in n-type GaN. Isochronal annealings were performed up to 1220K. We observe vacancy defects with specific lifetime of τV=190±15ps that we tentatively identify as N vacancies or related complexes in the neutral charge state in the samples irradiated with 0.45MeV electrons. The N vacancies are produced at a rate Σ0.45N≃0.25cm−1. The irradiation with 2MeV electrons produces negatively charged Ga vacancies and negative nonopen volume defects (negative ions) originating from the Ga sublattice, at a rate Σ2.0Ga≃5cm−1. The irradiation-induced N vacancies anneal out of the samples at around 600K, possibly due to the motion of the irradiation-induced N interstitials. Half of the irradiation-induced Ga vacancies anneal out of the samples also around 600K, and this is interpreted as the isolated Ga vacancies becoming mobile with a migration barrier of EV,GaM=1.8±0.1eV. Interestingly, we observe a change of charge state of the irradiation-induced negative ions from 2− to 1− likely due to a reconstruction of the defects in two stages at annealing temperatures of about 600 and 700K. The negative ions anneal out of the samples together with the other half of the Ga vacancies (stabilized by, e.g., N vacancies and/or hydrogen) in thermal annealings at 800–1100K.
Original languageEnglish
Article number165207
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Ga vacancy
  • GaN
  • N vacancy
  • positron annihilation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Introduction and recovery of Ga and N sublattice defects in electron-irradiated GaN'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this