Bin Zhu*, Peter D. Lund

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientific


This chapter provides an overview for this book from a historical perspective. It starts from the early ages in 1800s-1900s from the invention of fuel cells and their development into five different fuel cell families, i.e. polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), alkaline fuel cell (AFC), phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), and solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), where the electrolyte is the key. Therefore, relevant materials and technologies are important. However, in the latest developments since 2011, the electrolyte (layer)-free fuel cell (EFFC) has suddenly changed this fuel cell scenario, becoming a very interesting and promising new fuel cell R&D. Thus new fundamentals and issues beyond fuel cell itself are introduced.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSolid Oxide Fuel Cells
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Electrolyte-Based to Electrolyte-Free Devices
PublisherWiley-VCH Verlag
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9783527812790
ISBN (Print)9783527344116
Publication statusPublished - 12 Feb 2020
MoE publication typeB2 Book section


  • Electrolyte
  • Electrolyte-free fuel cell (EFFC)
  • Fuel cell (FC)
  • Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC)


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