Introducing standard patient-reported measures (PRMs) into routine maternity care : A pre-implementation qualitative study on women’s perspectives in Finland

Kirsi Väyrynen, An Chen*, Riikka Leena Leskelä, Eija Raussi-Lehto, Reija Klemetti, Seppo Heinonen, Paulus Torkki, Aydin Tekay

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Background: Systematically using standard patient-reported measures (PRMs) in clinical routines is trending. The International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM) has developed condition-specific standard sets of patient-centred measures, one of which is the Pregnancy and Childbirth Standard (PCB) set, where standard PRMs are included. There is limited knowledge on the use of ICHOM PCB set-included PRMs (ICHOM-PCB-PRMs) in routine care. This study investigates women’s perspectives on the future implementation of standard ICHOM-PCB-PRMs in routine maternity care in Finland. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted. Pregnant and postpartum women were asked to evaluate each ICHOM-PCB-PRM in several dimensions, e.g., importance and quality of questions, and to provide their views on future implementation in terms of benefits, difficulties, and practices. With the predefined topics and themes, deductive analysis was applied. Ethical committee approval (HUS 220/880/2015) and research permissions were obtained. Results: 22 women participated. Participants felt that most of the ICHOM-PCB-PRMs were important, relevant, understandable, and appropriately designed, and agreed that some changes in ICHOM-PCB-PRMs were needed, e.g., adding other important measures, changing the wording, and adding open-ended questions. Women would be hesitant to answer questions honestly if follow-up actions were unclear. Most “outcome” measures could be asked repeatedly as maternal health status changes over time, and “experience” measures could be asked separately for different service providers. Disagreements regarding data collection at birth were observed. PRMs were regarded as a way for women to express their thoughts and feelings. Our participants were concerned about the possible consequences of negatively answering the PREMs questions and the availability of follow-up care. Participants expected that they could answer short and easy questions digitally before appointments, and that instructions and follow-up actions based on their answers should be available. Conclusion: ICHOM-PCB-PRMs could be applicable in Finnish maternity care, but some modifications may be required. Careful consideration is needed regarding how and when PRMs questions are asked for eliciting more accurate and honest answers and minimizing women feeling judged, embarrassed, or offended. Follow-ups should be available according to women’s responses and needs. This study provides insights on the adoption and implementation of standard PRMs in routine maternity care.

Original languageEnglish
Article number845
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalBMC Health Services Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Acceptability
  • Adaption
  • Feasibility
  • ICHOM standard set
  • Maternity care
  • Patient-centred measures
  • Patient-reported measures
  • PCB set


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