Interfacial void segregation of Cl in Cu-Sn micro-connects

Glenn Ross, Xiaoma Tao, Mikael Broas, Nikolai Mäntyoja, Vesa Vuorinen, Andreas Graff, Frank Altmann, Matthias Petzold, Mervi Paulasto-Kröckel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A scanning transmission electron microscopy and an energy dispersive X-ray analysis of one non-annealed and one annealed sample (423 K for 4 hours) was performed. The results showed small and large voids appearing within the non-annealed and annealed samples respectively. In addition, chlorine segregated from the bulk into the voids. Ab initio calculations determined the formation energies for dilute solutions of chlorine and vacancies in Cu, Cu3Sn and Cu6Sn5. Results suggest that dilute solutions energetically favor vacancies, indicating a low chlorine solubility and a driving force for segregation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-312
Number of pages6
JournalELECTRONIC MATERIALS LETTERS
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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