Interactive AI with a Theory of Mind

Mustafa Mert Çelikok, Tomi Peltola, Pedram Daee, Samuel Kaski

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperScientificpeer-review


Understanding each other is the key to success in collaboration. For humans, attributing mental states to others, the theory of mind, provides the crucial advantage. We argue for formulating human--AI interaction as a multi-agent problem, endowing AI with a computational theory of mind to understand and anticipate the user. To differentiate the approach from previous work, we introduce a categorisation of user modelling approaches based on the level of agency learnt in the interaction. We describe our recent work in using nested multi-agent modelling to formulate user models for multi-armed bandit based interactive AI systems, including a proof-of-concept user study.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventComputational Modeling in Human-Computer Interaction - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 5 May 20195 May 2019


WorkshopComputational Modeling in Human-Computer Interaction
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
Internet address

Cite this