Interaction equations for multiaxial fatigue assessment of welded structures

M Backstrom, G Marquis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Multiaxial fatigue data from 233 welded test specimens taken from eight different studies have been evaluated based on three published interaction equations for normal and shear stress. The interaction equations were obtained from SFS 2378, Eurocode 3 and International Institute of Welding (IIW) recommendations. Fatigue classes for normal and shear stress were obtained directly from the design guidance documents. Additionally, mean fatigue strengths were determined by regression analysis of bending only and torsion only data for different specimen types. In some cases, the S-N slopes assumed by the different standards were not appropriate for the test data. Specimens that showed significantly different cracking locations or cracking mode between bending and torsion were not easily correlated by the interaction equations. Interaction equations work best in cases where both the normal stress and the shear stress tend to produce crack initiation and growth in the same location and in the same direction. The use of a damage summation of 0.5 for non-proportional loading as recommended by IIW was consistent with experimental observations for tube-to-plate specimens. Other codes used a damage sum of unity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)991-1003
Number of pages13
JournalFatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • biaxial fatigue
  • fatigue of welds
  • interaction equations
  • multiaxial fatigue

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