Inter-relationships between adaptation and mitigation: a systematic literature review

Mia Landauer, Sirkku Juhola, Maria Söderholm

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


Based on a systematic literature review method that consists of a bibliometric and a content analysis, we examine the current state of research on climate change adaptation and mitigation inter-relationships. Although systematic literature reviews have been applied in other research fields such as health sciences, there are only a few examples in social and environmental sciences. First, we investigate in which research fields the inter-relationships between adaptation and mitigation have been studied and how they have been conceptualised. Second, we analyse what kinds of synergies, trade-offs or conflicts between adaptation and mitigation policies and practices can be identified particularly in urban studies. Third, based on selected urban studies, we examine how inter-relationships between the two policy objectives or practical measures have been studied, in which context, and what is the main outcome of these studies. We also present what suggestions there are for solving conflicts, and how synergies can be enhanced in urban areas. The results indicate that there is value in examining the two together since urban areas are balancing between adaptation and mitigation and have to negotiate trade-offs at different scales.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-517
JournalClimatic Change
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


  • adaptation measure
  • adaptation strategy
  • climate change: governance
  • co-authorship network
  • cross-scale interaction
  • disaster risk reduction
  • environmental justice
  • greenhouse gas emission
  • mitigation policy
  • sustainable development
  • systematic literature review
  • urban green infrastructure
  • urban greening
  • urban planning


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