Inorganic arsenic species removal from water using bone char: A detailed study on adsorption kinetic and isotherm models using error functions analysis

Susan S.A. Alkurdi, Raed Al-Juboori, Jochen Bundschuh*, Les Bowtell, Alla Marcuk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The removal of inorganic arsenic (As) species from water using bone char pyrolyzed at 900 °C was investigated. Results revealed that the Sips model resulted in the best As(III) experimental data fit, while As(V) data was best represented by the Langmuir model. The adsorption rate and mechanisms of both As species were investigated using kinetic and diffusional models, respectively. At low As(III) and As(V) concentrations of 0.5 and 2.5 mg/L, the removal was due to intra-particle interactions and pore diffusion following Pseudo-first-order kinetics. However, at higher concentrations of 5 and 10 mg/L, the pore diffusion mechanism was ineffective, and the adsorption was best described by Pseudo-second-order and Elovich models. The goodness of the fit of linearized and nonlinear forms of all models against experimental data was tested using thorough error function analysis. Nonlinear regressions produced lower error values, so they were utilized to calculate the parameters of the models. The changes in bone char surface chemistry were examined using FTIR and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Arsenic oxide and complexes with metals were the confirmed immobilized forms of As on the bone-char surface. To the authors’ knowledge, this study is the first attempt at As(III) adsorption analysis using bone char.
Original languageEnglish
Article number124112
Number of pages14
JournalJOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Volume405
Early online date28 Sep 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Mar 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • arsenic
  • kinetic models
  • isotherm models
  • bone char

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